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Table 2 Correlates of recent sex work community participation among sex workers in Metro Vancouver, Canada (n = 943), AESHA 2010–2019

From: Sex work community participation in criminalized environments: a community-based cohort study of occupational health impacts in Vancouver, Canada: 2010–2019

  Unadjusted Adjusted
Characteristic Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p - value Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p - value
Socio-demographic Factors
 Age (per year older) 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.583   
 Years in sex work (continuous) 1.018 (0.99–1.05) 0.285   
 Sexual Minority (LGBQ2S+)a 2.27 (1.31–3.95) 0.004 d  
 Trans identityb 7.84 (4.23–14.52) < 0.001 4.69 (2.43–9.06) < 0.001
 Inconsistent condom use with clientsc 0.91 (0.58–1.42) 0.681   
 Injection drug usec 1.12 (0.74–1.70) 0. 598   
 Non-injection drug usec 1.34 (0.68–2.64) 0.402   
Structural Factors
Racialization
  White Ref    
  Indigenous 2.40 (1.26–4.57) 0.008 1.71 (0.88–3.32) 0.112
  Woman of Colour 0.14 (0.04–0.44) 0.001 0.18 (0.06–0.57) 0.004
Im/migrated to Canada 0.08 (0.03–0.20) < 0.001 d  
Living in DTES 1.37 (0.87–2.15) 0.174   
Living in the City of Vancouver 2.56 (1.07–6.10) 0.035 2.18 (0.95–5.01) 0.065
Experienced any barriers to receiving health carec 0.95 (0.70–1.28) 0.712   
 Criminalization
  Any negative police encounters while workingc 1.12 (0.72–1.75) 0.611   
  In jail overnight or longerc 1.17 (0.76–1.82) 0.474   
Forced to have sex with aggressor posing as clientc 1.89 (1.22–2.94) 0.005 2.06 (1.24–3.42) 0.005
Average weekly income from servicing clients (per $100 CAD)c 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.099 0.98 (0.95–1.00) 0.087
Primary place servicing clientsc
  Outdoor or public space Ref    
  Informal indoor space 1.03 (0.72–1.46) 0.878   
  In-call sex work venue 0.58 (0.30–1.12) 0.103   
  No recent sex work 0.53 (0.25–1.11) 0.092   
  1. aGay, lesbian, bisexual, two spirit, asexual, queer, other
  2. bTrans women - including transgender women, transexual women and other transfeminine identities- vs cisgender women
  3. cTime updated to capture events in the last six months
  4. dVariable was included in multivariable analysis but was not retained in the best fitting model