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Table 1 Baseline individual and structural characteristics of sex workers in Metro Vancouver, Canada, stratified by recent participation in sex work community organizing (n = 943), AESHA 2010–2019

From: Sex work community participation in criminalized environments: a community-based cohort study of occupational health impacts in Vancouver, Canada: 2010–2019

Characteristic Total (%)
(n = 943)
Participated in sex work community organizingc p - value
Yes (%)
(n = 29)
No (%)
(n = 914)
Personal and Interpersonal Factors
 Age (median, IQR) 35 (28–42) 42 (32–45) 35 (28–42) 0.007
 Years in sex work (median, IQR) 10 (3–19) 16 (9–32) 10 (2–18) < 0.001
 Sexual Minority (LGBQ2S+)a 301 (31.9) 14 (48.3) 287 (31.4) 0.056
 Trans identityb 58 (6.2) 8 (27.6) 50 (5.5) < 0.001
 Inconsistent condom use with clientsc 166 (17.6) 5 (17.2) 161 (17.6) 0.931
 STI seropositivity 98 (10.4) 2 (6.9) 96 (10.5) 1.000
 Injection drug usec 383 (40.6) 13 (44.8) 370 (40.5) 0.639
 Non-injection drug usec 626 (66.4) 25 (86.2) 601 (65.8) 0.022
Structural Factors
 High School Attainment 525 (55.7) 18 (62.1) 507 (55.8) 0.571
Racialization
 White 288 (30.5) 7 (24.1) 281 (30.7)  
 Indigenous 359 (38.1) 22 (75.9) 337 (36.9)  
 Woman of Colour 296 (31.4) 0 (0.0) 296 (32.4) < 0.001
Im/migrated to Canada 276 (29.3) 0 (0.0) 276 (30.2) < 0.001
Living in Vancouver’s Downtown East side 291 (30.9) 15 (51.7) 276 (30.2) 0.017
Living in the City of Vancouver 631 (66.9) 28 (96.6) 603 (66.0) 0.001
Experienced any barriers to receiving health carec 626 (66.4) 18 (62.1) 608 (66.5) 0.617
Any negative police encounters while workingc 330 (35.0) 11 (37.9) 319 (34.9) 0.743
In jail overnight or longerc 127 (13.5) 4 (13.8) 123 (13.5) 1.000
Experienced Rapec 65 (6.9) 4 (13.8) 61 (6.7) 0.139
Average weekly income from servicing clients ($ CAD)c (median, IQR) 500 (250–1000) 400 (250–675) 500 (250–1000) 0.075
Primary place serving clients
 Outdoor or public space 358 (38.0) 10 (34.5) 348 (38.1)  
 Informal indoor space 267 (28.3) 16 (55.2) 251 (27.5)  
 In-call sex work venue 296 (31.4) 3 (10.3) 293 (32.1) 0.007
  1. All data refer to n (%) of participants, unless otherwise specified
  2. aGay, lesbian, bisexual, two spirit, asexual, queer, other
  3. bTrans women - including transgender women, transexual women and other transfeminine identities- vs cisgender women
  4. cIn the last 6 months