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Table 1 Characteristics of the SwiSCI community survey 2017 population

From: Pathways to loneliness: a mediation analysis investigating the social gradient of loneliness in persons with disabilities in Switzerland

Variables (% missing)   Total (n = 1283)  
Demographic characteristics   n (%) mean (SD); median (IQR)
Gender (0)
 Male   910 (70.9)  
 Female   373 (29.1)  
Age at time of survey in years (0)    56.3 (14.4); 57.0 (21.0)
 16-30 yrs   54 (4.2)  
 31-45 yrs   252 (19.6)  
 46-60 yrs   440 (34.3)  
 61-75 yrs   428 (33.4)  
 76+ yrs   109 (8.5)  
Education (4.3)
 Compulsory schooling (≤ 9 yrs)   78 (6.4)  
 Vocational training (10-12 yrs)   239 (19.5)  
 Secondary education (13-16 yrs)   607 (49.4)  
 University education (≥17 yrs)   304 (24.8)  
Employment (0)
 Not in paid work   791 (61.7)  
 In paid work   492 (38.3)  
Financial hardship (2.9)
 No   955 (76.6)  
 Yes   291 (23.4)  
Net household income (23.4)    4446.6 (1220.7); 3400.0 (1098.2)
Subjective social status (4.7)    5.6 (1.9); 6.0 (3.0)
SCI characteristics
Years since injury (5.9)
 ≤ 5 yrs   166 (13.8)  
 6-15 yrs   440 (36.5)  
 16-25 yrs   263 (21.8)  
 26+ yrs   338 (28.0)  
Type of SCI (10.8)
 Paraplegia/Incomplete   481 (37.5)  
 Paraplegia/Complete   326 (25.4)  
 Tetraplegia/Incomplete   249 (19.4)  
 Tetraplegia/Complete   88 (6.9)  
Cause of SCI (1.9)
 Traumatic   888 (70.5)  
 Non-traumatic   371 (29.5)  
Functioning & health Range   
Functional independence (SCIM-SR score) (12.3) 0-100   74.6 (11.6); 74.2 (10.7)
Secondary health conditions (SCS-SCI) (25.6) 0-42   14.1 (7.5); 14.0 (10.0)
Participation (USER-P)
 Restrictions (5.5) 0-100   69.4 (17.9); 68.0 (23.0)
 Frequency (4.5) 0-100   29.5 (14.1); 30.0 (19.3)
Psychosocial resources
 Emotional support (1.9) 0-10   7.2 (2.3); 7.7 (3.7)
 Tangible support (1.7) 0-10   7.0 (2.3); 7.0 (3.7)
 Self-efficacy (GSES) (1.8) 1-4   3.1 (0.6); 3.0 (0.5)
Loneliness
 Loneliness (UCLA-SF) (1.6) 0-12   2.6 (2.6); 2.0 (4.0)
  1. Abbreviations: GSES General Self-Efficacy Scale, IQR Interquartile range, SCI Spinal cord injury, SCIM-SR Spinal Cord Independence Measure for self-report, SCS-SCI Secondary Conditions Scale for Spinal Cord Injury, SD Standard deviation, UCLA-SF UCLA-short form, USER-P Utrecht Scale of Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation