Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the intervention and control neighbourhoods, averaged over the time period before AQMA declaration

From: Impact of local air quality management policies on emergency hospitalisations for respiratory conditions in the North West Coast region of England: a longitudinal controlled ecological study

  Intervention neighbourhoods
Number = 108
Control neighbourhoods Number = 540
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Income deprivation score (%) 18.76 (11.06) 18.35 (12.91)
Distance to general practice (km) 1.02 (0.82) 1.05 (0.80)
Distance to hospital with A&E (km) 6.58 (4.24) 6.61 (5.59)
Prevalence of asthma (%) 6.25 (0.64) 6.33 (0.65)
Prevalence of COPD (%) 1.98 (0.54) 2.06 (0.54)
Population (number) 1588.35 (275.59) 1542.20 (264.53)
Annual emergency admission rate for respiratory conditions (per 100,000 population) 1302.27 (599.37) 1320.33 (644.73)
Percent classified as urban 94.1 94.4
  1. A&E Accident and Emergency department; COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; km kilometres; SD standard deviation