Skip to main content

Table 3 Educational and wealth disparities in access to PHC services in Cameroon, DRC, Mali, and Nigeria by conflict intensity (using mixed-effects logistic regression)

From: Access to primary healthcare Services in Conflict-Affected Fragile States: a subnational descriptive analysis of educational and wealth disparities in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, and Nigeria

Type of disparity Indicator Country Conflict intensity Interaction
Medium or high low or none
ORa SE ORa SE t testa P-value
Education Geographic Barriers Cameroon 0.782 0.150 0.683** 0.100 0.22 0.828
DRC 0.719 0.153 0.910 0.101 −1.12 0.263
Mali 0.925 0.212 0.584*** 0.093 1.59 0.112
Nigeria 0.500*** 0.054 0.680*** 0.053 −2.28 0.023
Financial Barriers Cameroon 0.459*** 0.086 0.637** 0.103 −1.63 0.105
DRC 0.512*** 0.127 0.585*** 0.090 −0.56 0.576
Mali 0.713 0.144 0.506*** 0.060 1.05 0.296
Nigeria 0.441*** 0.036 0.532*** 0.039 −1.98 0.048
Wealth Geographic Barriers Cameroon 0.448** 0.127 0.356*** 0.089 0.68 0.499
DRC 0.607 0.187 0.644* 0.124 −0.31 0.760
Mali 0.250** 0.112 0.232*** 0.061 0.09 0.931
Nigeria 0.297*** 0.061 0.373*** 0.047 −1.14 0.255
Financial Barriers Cameroon 0.242*** 0.074 0.143*** 0.041 1.21 0.229
DRC 0.326*** 0.095 0.280*** 0.054 0.04 0.970
Mali 0.098*** 0.038 0.116*** 0.028 −0.49 0.624
Nigeria 0.169*** 0.032 0.192*** 0.021 −1.09 0.277
  1. a: model was adjusted for women’s age, employment, urban-rural status, and the number of children in the family.
  2. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05