Skip to main content

Table 2 Education and wealth disparities in access to PHC services in Cameroon, DRC, Mali, and Nigeria by conflict intensity (using concentration index)

From: Access to primary healthcare Services in Conflict-Affected Fragile States: a subnational descriptive analysis of educational and wealth disparities in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, and Nigeria

Type of disparity Indicator Country Conflict intensity Difference
Medium or high low or none
CI P-value CI P-value Z test P-value
Education Geographic Barriers Cameroon −0.26 < 0.001 − 0.22 < 0.001 − 0.89 0.375
DRC −0.18 < 0.001 −0.09 < 0.001 −2.43 0.015
Mali −0.10 < 0.001 − 0.14 < 0.001 1.43 0.153
Nigeria −0.20 < 0.001 − 0.16 < 0.001 − 1.49 0.137
Financial Barriers Cameroon −0.31 < 0.001 − 0.15 < 0.001 −5.18 < 0.001
DRC −0.24 < 0.001 − 0.10 < 0.001 −3.62 < 0.001
Mali −0.11 < 0.001 − 0.18 < 0.001 2.03 0.043
Nigeria −0.30 < 0.001 − 0.17 < 0.001 −5.57 < 0.001
Wealth Geographic Barriers Cameroon −0.31 < 0.001 − 0.31 < 0.001 − 0.01 0.988
DRC −0.22 < 0.001 −0.16 < 0.001 −1.19 0.235
Mali −0.29 < 0.001 −0.21 < 0.001 −1.69 0.090
Nigeria −0.31 < 0.001 −0.21 < 0.001 −3.31 0.001
Financial Barriers Cameroon −0.36 < 0.001 −0.22 < 0.001 −3.56 < 0.001
DRC −0.22 < 0.001 −0.12 < 0.001 −2.14 0.032
Mali −0.24 < 0.001 −0.21 < 0.001 − 0.57 0.566
Nigeria −0.39 < 0.001 −0.22 < 0.001 −6.20 < 0.001