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Table 1 Education and wealth disparities in access to PHC services in Cameroon, DRC, Mali, and Nigeria

From: Access to primary healthcare Services in Conflict-Affected Fragile States: a subnational descriptive analysis of educational and wealth disparities in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, and Nigeria

Type of disparity Indicator Country Absolute difference Concentration Index Regression Coefficients
Leasta Highesb P-valuec CI P valued ORe P valuef
Education Geographic Barriers Cameroon 57.42 30.37 0.001 −0.25 < 0.001 0.72 0.006
DRC 48.81 31.32 < 0.001 −0.16 < 0.001 0.86 0.142
Mali 33.75 14.6 < 0.001 −0.15 < 0.001 0.65 0.001
Nigeria 35.84 18.45 < 0.001 −0.18 < 0.001 0.61 < 0.001
Financial Barriers Cameroon 81.44 58.52 < 0.001 − 0.23 < 0.001 0.57 < 0.001
DRC 79.93 59.85 < 0.001 −0.19 < 0.001 0.56 < 0.001
Mali 46.37 24.34 < 0.001 −0.17 < 0.001 0.55 < 0.001
Nigeria 55.9 37.62 0.875 −0.21 < 0.001 0.51 < 0.001
Wealth Geographic Barriers Cameroon 62.7 23.41 < 0.001 −0.32 < 0.001 0.37 < 0.001
DRC 53.09 20.71 < 0.001 −0.27 < 0.001 0.60 0.002
Mali 45.18 14.14 < 0.001 −0.21 < 0.001 0.23 < 0.001
Nigeria 45.52 12.78 < 0.001 −0.25 < 0.001 0.35 < 0.001
Financial Barriers Cameroon 84.11 49.45 0.127 −0.28 < 0.001 0.18 < 0.001
DRC 80.83 50.09 0.04 −0.25 < 0.001 0.27 < 0.001
Mali 54.94 25.84 0.003 −0.24 < 0.001 0.12 < 0.001
Nigeria 61.26 28.16 < 0.001 −0.27 < 0.001 0.18 < 0.001