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Table 1 Excess mortality per 100,000 person-years with 95% confidence intervals and % change in age-standardised mortality rate in the Belgian population during the first wave of COVID-19 in 2020 compared to the period 2015–2019 by gender, age group, care home and demographic and socioeconomic indicators

From: Are we really all in this together? The social patterning of mortality during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium

  25–64 years 65–84 years 85+ years
No care home Care home No care home Care home
Absolute % Absolute % Absolute % Absolute % Absolute %
Men
Total 10.4 (6.7–14.2) 3.9 254.3 (238.5–270.0) 24.1 5348.0 (4846.5–5849.6) 56.9 183.5 (164.7–202.2) 22.4 1550.5 (1482.8–1618.2) 49.7
Educational level
  Primary or less 6.8 (−36.3–50.0) 1.6 251.2 (208.0–294.4) 22.8 5128.8 (4185.6–6071.9) 55.2 198.2 (161.8–234.7) 22.8 1671.9 (1570.0–1773.7) 49.9
  Lower secondary 26.9 (4.9–48.7) 7.7 173.6 (136.9–210.2) 18.9 5257.4 (4226.9–6288.0) 55.2 146.7 (100.6–192.9) 19.5 1318.3 (1152.7–1484.0) 45.5
  Upper secondary 1.2 (−10.2–12.7) 0.5 136.4 (96.2–176.7) 16.6 5472.9 (4297.0–6648.8) 57.7 266.9 (208.5–325.4) 32.1 1900.3 (1728.0–2072.6) 57.3
  Higher education 4.7 (−4.4–13.9) 3.0 107.4 (73.3–141.5) 16.3 4410.4 (2962.4–5858.3) 57.6 169.5 (111.7–227.4) 23.7 1092.6 (862.20–1323.0) 49.1
  Missing 18.9 (−12.0–50.0) 5.6 224.1 (145.6–302.4) 20.1 6566.1 (5345.9–7786.4) 63.1 231.4 (151.1–311.6) 25.2 2023.5 (1869.3–2177.8) 56.0
Income level
  Low 20.4 (− 2.3–43.1) 4.5 188.9 (156.4–221.4) 17.5 5220.0 (4566.0–5873.9) 56.8 190.3 (159.0–221.4) 22.4 1693.8 (1601.5–1786.1) 50.8
  Middle −15 (−28.9–−1.4) −6.1 171.7 (146.9–196.7) 20.0 6201.5 (5241.8–7161.2) 58.7 203.3 (168.8–237.7) 25.5 1585.3 (1469.3–1701.3) 51.3
  High 21.0 (16.0–26.0) 14.1 110.1 (69.7–150.4) 17.5 6161.6 (4172.8–8150.6) 68.2 201.3 (137.7–264.9) 25.4 1105.3 (876.41–1334.3) 45.4
  Missing 2.7 (−61.7–67.2) 0.5 178.1 (−33.6–390.1) 16.4 3736.7 (2105.9–5367.4) 64.2 −160.4 (− 359.2–38.3) −40.2 1870.5 (1354.4–2386.6) 51.2
Living situation
  With partner 3.2 (0.0–6.5) 1.9 129.3 (113.1–145.6) 16.4    182.3 (156.4–208.2) 24.1   
  Without partner −5.3 (−28.6–17.9) −1.2 228.2 (182.4–274.2) 19.2    218.1 (182.1–254.0) 24.5   
  Other 62.7 (9.4–115.9) 14.5 246.1 (99.8–392.4) 20.2    183.4 (42.8–324.0) 17.6   
  Collective HH 479.3 (113.0–845.7) 24.1 1469.4 (985.8–1952.9) 58.8       
Migrant background
  Belgian 1.6 (−3.9–7.26) 0.6         
  FG non-Belgian 55.4 (35.8–74.9) 21.9         
  SG non-Belgian 25.2 (−14.7–65.2) 8.5         
Chronic disease
  No 23.0 (19.9–26.0) 10.3         
  Yes − 110.8 (−210.6–−11.1) −11.5         
Women
Total 4.2 (3.7–4.9) 2.7 92.3 (85.0–99.7) 18.2 3027.4 (2623.5–3431.2) 52.5 129.7 (120.3–139.1) 22.2 843.8 (808.9–878.6) 42.0
Educational level
  Primary or less 70.0 (32.6–107.4) 23.4 126.8 (102.9–150.8) 21.3 2583.4 (1887.4–3279.4) 47.3 152.1 (132.5–171.6) 24.2 922.4 (866.9–977.8) 43.7
  Lower secondary 12.3 (−7.2–31.8) 5.8 115.0 (93.6–136.3) 22.4 3299.9 (2435.4–4164.4) 52.9 138.1 (112.8–163.5) 24.7 914.7 (834.3–995.1) 45.1
  Upper secondary −7.0 (−13.3–−0.7) −5.1 59.5 (34.3–84.9) 14.1 3036.0 (2116.9–3955.1) 54.5 116.5 (79.5–153.5) 22.5 743.1 (623.3–862.9) 40.3
  Higher education 0.9 (−4.2–6.1) 0.9 57.8 (31.7–83.9) 15.5 2931.3 (1673.5–4189.1) 56.3 147.4 (97.3–197.3) 28.8 643.1 (498.2–787.9) 40.1
  Missing 28.4 (3.9–53.0) 13.1 147.6 (96.3–198.8) 23.5 3775.2 (2716.1–4834.5) 62.0 122.0 (78.7–165.2) 20.7 818.0 (708.0–928.0) 41.0
Income level
  Low −2.2 (−8.2–3.6) −1.2 98.5 (86.9–110.1) 18.7 2999.8 (2495.5–3504.0) 52.4 122.7 (107.8–137.6) 20.7 835.3 (784.2–886.4) 41.3
  Middle 14.0 (4.6–23.6) 9.8 100.8 (78.4–123.2) 19.9 3340.6 (2415.1–4266.1) 52.9 150.8 (128.9–172.7) 26.5 922.9 (862.0–983.9) 45.2
  High 2.0 (−2.7–7.0) 2.6 63.7 (30.5–96.8) 17.3 4356.8 (2443.5–6270.1) 73.1 169.5 (118.5–220.5) 29.6 783.4 (645.7–921.2) 43.0
  Missing 37.8 (−13.1–88.7) 9.5 113.1 (−3.04–229.5) 18.9 2513.8 (900.8–4126.8) 55.6 173.3 (21.4–325.3) 27.7 636.9 (222.7–1051.2) 38.2
Living situation
  With partner −4.7 (−4.9–−4.3) −4.2 72.1 (59.8–84.3) 16.5    98.5 (69.4–127.5) 20.0   
  Without partner 4.8 (−6.8–16.5) 2.2 107.9 (90.8–125.0) 19.1    131.7 (119.8–143.6) 23.5   
  Other 30.8 (−17.–79.6) 10.9 233.3 (149.6–317.0) 29.3    323.7 (254.9–392.5) 32.1   
  Collective HH 1251.8 (628.9–1874.8) 48.9 718.6 (330.8–1106.4) 54.0       
Migrant background
  Belgian 1.3 (−0.8–3.5) 0.8         
  FG non-Belgian 17.5 (6.3–28.6) 12.7         
  SG non-Belgian 12.7 (−15.9–41.5) 7.2         
Chronic disease
  No 7.1 (6.9–7.4) 5.7         
  Yes −35.6 (−78.2–6.9) −7.5         
  1. Results in Bold show where the ASMR’s are significantly different (p < 0.05) in 2020 compared with the standard period
  2. HH Household, FG First generation, SG Second generation