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Table 4 Cross-tabulation of social capital components and economic hardships for total, urban and rural respondents (%)

From: Does social capital interact with economic hardships in influencing older adults’ health? A study from China

  Economic hardships χ2 df P value
No Yes
Total
 Low neighborhood cohesion
  No 60.90 60.80 0.00 1 1.000
  Yes 39.10 39.20    
 Low bridging trust
  No 59.10 62.20 1.78 1 0.197
  Yes 40.90 37.80    
 Low bonding trust
  No 61.90 62.20 0.02 1 0.920
  Yes 38.10 37.80    
 Low social participation
  No 28.30 13.30 49.48 1  < 0.001
  Yes 71.70 86.70    
Urban
 Low neighborhood cohesion
  No 57.70 61.30 0.597 1 0.499
  Yes 42.30 38.70    
 Low bridging trust
  No 57.20 66.40 3.786 1 0.054
  Yes 42.80 33.60    
 Low bonding trust
  No 62.10 63.00 0.042 1 0.922
  Yes 37.90 37.00    
 Low social participation
  No 36.50 21.00 11.55 1 0.001
  Yes 63.50 79.00    
Rural
 Low neighborhood cohesion
  No 64.50 60.70 1.84 1 0.182
  Yes 35.50 39.30    
 Low bridging trust
  No 61.10 60.90 0.004 1 0.952
  Yes 38.90 39.10    
 Low bonding trust
  No 61.70 62.00 0.009 1 0.952
  Yes 38.30 38.00    
 Low social participation
  No 19.00 10.80 13.88 1  < 0.000
  Yes 81.00 89.20    
  1. Statistics in this table were calculated based on complete data