Skip to main content

Table 3 The relationship between contracting status and HRQOL among chronic patients with different SES in rural Shandong, China, 2018

From: Family doctor contract services and health-related quality of life among patients with chronic diseases in rural China: what is the role of socioeconomic status?

Characteristic Model 1:no interaction Model 2:Income × contracting status Model 3:Educational attainment × contracting status
P-value Coefficient 95%CI P-value Coefficient 95%CI P-value Coefficient 95%CI
Contracting status
 No   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Yes 0.013 0.042 (0.008,0.075) 0.543 -0.020 (-0.083,0.044) 0.002 0.171 (0.064,0.277)
Household income a
 Q1   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Q2 0.796 0.005 (-0.036,0.047) 0.632 0.011 (-0.036,0.058) 0.762 0.006 (-0.035,0.047)
 Q3 0.636 0.010 (-0.032,0.052) 0.714 0.009 (-0.039,0.057) 0.617 0.011 (-0.031,0.053)
 Q4 0.005 0.062 (0.018,0.105) 0.000 0.090 (0.039,0.140) 0.005 0.063 (0.019,0.106)
Educational attainment
 Primary education or below   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Junior education 0.001 0.064 (0.026,0.102) 0.001 0.064 (0.026,0.102) 0.002 0.073 (0.028,0.117)
 Senior education or above 0.007 0.079 (0.021,0.1) 0.006 0.080 (0.023,0.138) 0.461 0.027 (-0.044,0.098)
Gender
 Male   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Female 0.017 -0.054 (-0.097,-0.010) 0.023 -0.050 (-0.095,0.007) 0.014 -0.055 (-0.985,-0.011)
Age
  < 50   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 50–59 0.175 -0.041 (-0.100,0.018) 0.171 -0.041 (-0.100,0.178) 0.236 -0.036 (-0.095,0.023)
 60–69 0.071 -0.054 (-0.011,0.005) 0.065 -0.055 (-0.114,0.003) 0.092 -0.050 (-0.109,0.008)
  ≥ 70 0.507 -0.023 (-0.090,0.044) 0.470 -0.025 (-0.091,0.042) 0.595 -0.018 (-0.085,0.049)
Multiple chronic diseases
 No   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Yes 0.000 -0.067 (-0.099,-0.035) 0.000 -0.068 (-0.100,-0.036) 0.000 -0.069 (-0.101,-0.036)
Employment status
 Unemployed   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Employed 0.000 0.095 (0.061,0.129) 0.000 0.095 (0.060,0.129) 0.000 0.096 (0.062,0.131)
Drinking status
 Never drinkers   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Former drinkers 0.118 -0.043 (-0.097,0.011) 0.135 -0.041 (-0.095,0.013) 0.116 -0.043 (-0.097,0.011)
 Current drinkers 0.299 0.025 (-0.022,0.073) 0.271 0.027 (-0.021,0.074) 0.269 0.026 (-0.021,0.074)
Physical exercise
 No   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Yes 0.000 -0.057 (-0.087,-0.027) 0.000 -0.057 (-0.087,-0.027) 0.000 -0.057 (-0.087,-0.027)
Marital status
 Single   Ref    Ref    Ref  
 Married 0.259 0.077 (-0.057,0.211) 0.257 0.077 (-0.056,0.211) 0.270 0.075 (-0.058,0.209)
 Others b 0.591 0.036 (-0.100,0.170) 0.570 0.038 (-0.094,0.171) 0.579 0.037 (-0.095,0.170)
Family members
 1   Ref    Ref    Ref Ref
 2 0.623 -0.017 (-0.011,0.069) 0.633 -0.016 (-0.083,0.051) 0.755 -0.012 (-0.079,0.055)
 3 0.966 0.002 (-0.013,0.072) 0.959 0.002 (-0.072,0.076) 0.897 0.005 (-0.069,0.079)
  ≥ 4 0.377 0.031   0.360 0.032 (-0.036,0.998) 0.349 0.033 (-0.036,0.101)
Income × contracting status
 Q1 × contracted     0.042 0.095 (0.004,0.187)    
 Q2 × contracted     0.156 0.066 (-0.025,0.157)    
 Q3 × contracted     0.052 0.088 (-0.001,0.177)    
Educational attainment × contracting status
 Primary education or below × contracted       0.020 -0.135 (-0.249,-0.022)
 Junior education × contracted        0.011 -0.161 (-0.286,-0.038)
  1. Note:HRQOL Health-related quality of life, SES Socioeconomic status, SES Socioeconomic status
  2. a Q1 was the poorest and Q4 was the richest
  3. b Others include those who are divorced and widowed