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Table 1 Socio-demographics characteristics and personal protection behaviours of survey participants

From: Unequal availability of workplace policy for prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 across occupations and its relationship with personal protection behaviours: a cross-sectional survey

  Hand Hygiene Face Mask Household Hygiene Social distancing  
“Always” hand wash before meals “Always” hand wash after toileting “Always” use alcohol hand rub “Always” wear mask “Always” put disinfectants into toilets “Always” put disinfectants in drain pipe “Always” avoid leaving home “Always” avoid contact neighbours Total
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age group
 18–29 150 (17.0) 213 (20.8) 117 (19.8) 209 (20.9) 38 (18.2) 32 (18.5) 100 (18.7) 136 (20.5) 217 (20.7)
 30–39 234 (26.6) 291 (28.5) 170 (28.8) 281 (28.1) 46 (22.0) 44 (25.4) 154 (28.7) 183 (27.6) 294 (28.0)
 40–49 273 (31.0) 337 (33.0) 206 (34.9) 330 (33.0) 80 (38.3) 62 (35.8) 183 (34.1) 223 (33.7) 345 (32.9)
 50–59 126 (14.3) 154 (15.1) 82 (13.9) 154 (15.4) 39 (18.7) 29 (16.8) 82 (15.3) 101 (15.3) 163 (15.6)
 60+ 25 (2.8) 27 (2.6) 16 (2.7) 26 (2.6) 6 (2.9) 6 (3.5) 17 (3.2) 19 (2.9) 29 (2.8)
P-value1 0.049* 0.014* 0.227 0.471 0.147 0.353 0.684 0.279  
Gender
 Female 560 (63.6) 695 (68.0) 441 (74.6) 684 (68.4) 149 (71.3) 124 (71.7) 390 (72.8) 474 (71.6) 712 (67.9)
 Male 248 (28.2) 327 (32.0) 150 (25.4) 316 (31.6) 60 (28.7) 49 (28.3) 146 (27.2) 188 (28.4) 336 (32.1)
P-value1 0.357 0.819 < 0.001** 0.425 0.055 0.424 0.002** 0.005**  
Marital status
 Never married 319 (36.3) 437 (42.8) 240 (40.6) 425 (42.5) 83 (39.7) 66 (38.2) 212 (39.6) 275 (41.5) 444 (42.4)
 Married 438 (49.8) 518 (50.7) 312 (52.8) 510 (51.0) 106 (50.7) 95 (54.9) 291 (54.3) 347 (52.4) 534 (51.0)
 Cohabiting 14 (1.6) 22 (2.2) 12 (2.0) 20 (2.0) 5 (2.4) 4 (2.3) 12 (2.2) 10 (1.5) 23 (2.2)
 Divorced/ separated 31 (3.5) 38 (3.7) 23 (3.9) 38 (3.8) 12 (5.7) 5 (2.9) 19 (3.5) 27 (4.1) 39 (3.7)
 Windowed 6 (0.7) 7 (0.7) 4 (0.7) 7 (0.7) 3 (1.4) 3 (1.7) 2 (0.4) 3 (0.5) 8 (0.8)
P-value1 0.011* 0.113 0.806 < 0.001** 0.518 0.592 0.008** < 0.001**  
Living arrangement
 Alone 49 (5.6) 63 (6.2) 33 (5.6) 60 (6.0) 11 (5.3) 9 (5.2) 32 (6.0) 41 (6.2) 68 (6.5)
 With family 733 (83.3) 921 (90.1) 537 (90.9) 905 (90.5) 186 (89.0) 158 (91.3) 481 (89.7) 596 (90.0) 942 (89.9)
 With others 26 (3.0) 38 (3.7) 21 (3.6) 35 (3.5) 12 (5.7) 6 (3.5) 23 (4.3) 25 (3.8) 38 (3.6)
P-value1 0.323 0.202 0.044* < 0.001** 0.007** 0.037* 0.788 0.121  
Education attainment
 Lower secondary school 4 (0.5) 8 (0.8) 5 (0.8) 9 (0.9) 3 (1.4) 3 (1.7) 4 (0.7) 6 (0.9) 10 (1.0)
 Higher secondary school 78 (8.9) 100 (9.8) 54 (9.1) 98 (9.8) 17 (8.1) 15 (8.7) 57 (10.6) 68 (10.3) 103 (9.8)
 Preparatory Course 119 (13.5) 144 (14.1) 88 (14.9) 143 (14.3) 28 (13.4) 21 (12.1) 75 (14.0) 87 (13.1) 148 (14.1)
 Undergraduate or above 607 (69.0) 770 (75.3) 444 (75.1) 750 (75.0) 161 (77.0) 134 (77.5) 400 (74.6) 501 (75.7) 787 (75.1)
P-value1 0.280 0.084 0.944 0.563 0.034* 0.538 0.480 0.816  
Work status
 Full-time 735 (83.5) 927 (90.7) 535 (90.5) 907 (90.7) 191 (91.4) 155 (89.6) 477 (89.0) 587 (88.7) 950 (90.7)
 Part-time 73 (8.3) 95 (9.3) 56 (9.5) 93 (9.3) 18 (8.6) 18 (10.4) 59 (11.0) 75 (11.3) 98 (9.4)
P-value1 0.838 0.942 0.812 0.866 0.276 0.511 0.226 0.017*  
Workplace policy
 Available 738 (83.9) 923 (90.3) 536 (90.7) 905 (90.5) 187 (89.5) 154 (89.0) 485 (90.5) 600 (90.6) 942 (89.9)
 Not available 70 (8.0) 99 (9.7) 55 (9.3) 95 (9.5) 22 (10.5) 19 (11.0) 51 (9.5) 62 (9.4) 106 (10.1)
P-value1 0.030* 0.027* 0.740 0.004** 0.996 0.980 0.465 0.339  
Total 880 (100.0) 1022 (100.0) 591 (100.0) 1000 (100.0) 209 (100.0) 173 (100.0) 536 (100.0) 662 (100.0) 1048(100.0)
  1. Note: 1. These P value came from Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01