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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by sociodemographic inequities and the comparison with time spent in active transportation

From: Sociodemographic inequities and active transportation in adults from Latin America: an eight-country observational study

Variables    Walking   Cycling   Total  
N % Mean (95 %CI)of min/day Median (25–75)of min/day pa Mean (95 %CI)of min/day Median (25–75)of min/day pa Mean (95 %CI)of min/day Median (25–75)of min/day pa
Total 8547 100.0 19.9 (19.2; 20.6) 10.7 (0.0–25.0)   3.1 (2.7; 3.4) 0 (0–0)   23.3 (22.4; 24.1) 11.4 (0–30)  
Countries      < 0.001    < 0.001    < 0.001
  Argentina 1177 13.8 20.4 (18.4; 22.4) 0 (0-25.7)   3.9 (2.8; 5.0) 0 (0–0)   24.5 (22.1; 26.9) 10 (0–30.0)  
  Brazil 1872 21.9 17.1 (15.7; 18.5) 0 (0–20.0)   3.4 (2.6; 4.2) 0 (0–0)   20.9 (19.2; 22.5) 10 (0-25.7)  
  Chile 811 9.5 17.8 (15.7; 19.8) 10.7 (0-21.4)   4.9 (3.3; 6.5) 0 (0–0)   23.0 (20.3; 25.6) 11.4 (0-25.7)  
  Colombia 1154 13.5 21.3 (19.3; 23.3) 11.4 (0-25.7)   3.9 (2.8; 5.0) 0 (0–0)   25.5 (23.1; 27.9) 12.9 (0–30.0)  
  Costa Rica 728 8.5 27.8 (24.9; 30.7) 14.3 (0-34.3)   5.0 (3.5; 6.5) 0 (0–0)   33.0 (29.7; 36.4) 17.1 (0–40.0)  
  Ecuador 737 8.6 25.4 (22.9; 28.0) 15 (0–30.0)   1.6 (0.9; 2.3) 0 (0–0)   27.4 (24.7; 30.1) 17.1 (0–30.0)  
  Peru 1018 11.9 21.4 (19.5; 23.2) 12.9 (0-28.6)   1.1 (0.6; 1.6) 0 (0–0)   22.7 (20.7; 24.6) 14.3 (0–30.0)  
  Venezuela 1050 12.3 13.7 (12.0; 15.4) 0 (0-17.1)   0.8 (0.2; 1.4) 0 (0–0)   14.6 (12.8; 16.4) 0 (0–17.0 )  
Sex      0.159    < 0.001    0.001
  Men 4016 47.0 20.4 (19.3; 21.5) 10 (0-21.4)   5.4 (4.7; 6.1) 0 (0–0)   26.2 (24.8; 27.6) 12.9 (0–30.0)  
  Women 4531 53.0 19.5 (18.6; 20.4) 10.7 (0-25.7)   0.9 (0.7; 1.1) 0 (0–0)   20.5 (19.6; 21.5) 10.7 (0-25.7)  
Age group      0.705    0.002    0.149
  18–30 years 4031 47.2 19.7 (18.6; 20.7) 10.7 (0-22.9)   3.4 (2.8; 4.0) 0 (0–0)   23.4 (22.1; 24.7) 12.9 (0–30.0)  
  30–49 years 2626 30.7 20.1 (19.0; 21.2) 10 (0-25.7 )   2.5 (2.0; 3.0) 0 (0–0)   22.8 (21.6; 24.1) 10.7 (0–30.0)  
  50–65 years 1890 22.1 20.1 (18.5; 21.7) 10.7 (0-25.7)   3.5 (2.5; 4.4) 0 (0–0)   23.8 (21.8; 25.8) 11.4 (0–30.0)  
Ethnicity      < 0.001    0.044    < 0.001
  Caucasian 2979 34.9 18.0 (16.9; 19.2) 0 (0-21.4)   2.9 (2.4; 3.5) 0 (0–0)   21.3 (19.9; 22.6) 10 (0-25.7)  
  Black 547 6.4 20.1 (17.2; 23.0) 10.7 (0-21.4)   4.3 (2.5; 6.1) 0 (0–0)   24.6 (20.9; 28.2) 11.4 (0–30.0)  
  Mixed 3917 45.8 21.1 (20.1; 22.1) 11.4 (0-25.7)   2.9 (2.4; 3.4) 0 (0–0)   24.3 (23.1; 25.4) 12.9 (0–30.0)  
  Other 1104 12.9 23.2 (19.2; 27.1) 12.9 (0–30.0)   4.8 (2.1; 7.5) 0 (0–0)   28.3 (23.5; 33.1) 15 (0-34.3)  
Socioeconomic level     0.332    0.592    0.569
  Low 4442 52.0 19.6 (18.6; 20.5) 11.4 (0-25.7)   3.2 (2.7; 3.7) 0 (0–0)   23.1 (22.0; 24.2) 12.9 (0–30.0)  
  Middle 3291 38.5 20.2 (19.1; 21.4) 10.7 (0–25.0)   2.9 (2.4; 3.4) 0 (0–0)   23.4 (22.0; 24.7) 11.4 (0–30.0)  
  High 814 9.5 20.6 (18.4; 22.9) 10 (0-22.9 )   2.8 (1.7; 3.9) 0 (0–0)   23.7 (21.1; 26.3) 11.4 (0-28.6)  
Education level      0.382    0.001    0.040
  Low 5049 59.1 20.7 (19.7; 21.6) 10.7 (0-25.7)   3.6 (3.1; 4.1) 0 (0–0)   24.5 (23.4; 25.6) 12.1 (0-25.7)  
  Middle 2635 30.8 18.8 (17.6; 20.0) 10.7 (0-21.4)   2.2 (1.7; 2.8) 0 (0–0)   21.3 (20.0; 22.6) 11.4 (0-21.4)  
  High 863 10.1 18.7 (16.5; 20.9) 10 (0-21.4)   2.3 (1.3; 3.3) 0 (0–0)   21.1 (18.6; 23.6) 10.7 (0-21.4)  
Transport mode
  Public 4904 57.4 21.3 (20.4; 22.1) 11.4 (2.8–25.7) 0.055 2.0 (1.7; 2.3) 0 (0–0) 0.001 23.3 (22.4; 24.3) 12.9 (4.3–28.6) 0.001
  Private 2198 25.7 19.3 (17.9; 20.7) 8.6 (0–20.0)   2.2 (1.7; 2.8) 0 (0–0)   21.5 (19.8; 23.2) 8.6 (0-21.4)  
  Other 1445 16.9 21.2 (19.5; 23.3) 8.6 (0–25.0)   7.9 (6.6; 9.4) 0 (0–0)   29.2 (26.8; 31.7) 12.0 (0–30.0)  
Public transport use
  ≤ 2 days/week 3424 40.1 20.4 (19.3; 21.6) 8.6 (0-21.4) 0.001 3.8 (3.2; 4.4) 0 (0–0) 0.001 24.2 (22.7; 25.5) 10.0 (0-28.6) 0.001
  3–5 days/week 2288 26.8 18.9 (17.8; 20.1) 10.7 (3.5–21.4)   1.9 (1.4; 2.4) 0 (0–0)   20.8 (19.5; 22.0) 11.4 (4.3–51.5)  
  ≥ 6 days/week 2835 33.2 22.8 (21.5; 24.2) 11.4 (1.7–25.7)   3.2 (2.6; 3.8) 0 (0–0)   25.9 (24.5; 27.4) 12.8 (2.8–30.0)  
Private transport use
  ≤ 2 days/week 4831 56.5 22.8 (21.8; 23.7) 11.4 (2.8–25.7) 0.001 3.7 (3.2; 4.2) 0 (0–0) 0.001 26.5 (25.4; 27.7) 12.9 (4.3; 30.0) 0.001
  3–5 days/week 970 11.3 20.2 (18.2; 22.2) 10.0 (1.4–21.4)   1.6 (1.0; 2.2) 0 (0–0)   21.8 (19.5; 23.9) 10.7 (2.9–22.9)  
  ≥ 6 days/week 2746 32.1 17.5 (16.2; 18.6) 7.1 (0–20.0)   2.5 (1.9; 3.0) 0 (0–0)   19.9 (18.7; 21.4) 8.6 (0-21.4)  
  1. a Mann-Whitney or kruskal-Wallis test for the comparison of means; other ethnicity (Asian, Indigenous, Gypsy, and other)