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Table 4 Cohort and SES disparity of chronic diseases DALYs across gender

From: Trajectories of middle-aged and elderly people’s chronic diseases Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs): cohort, socio-economic status and gender disparities

  Male   Female  
Variables β(95%CI) p β(95%CI) p
Fixed effect
 Intercept 1.048 (0.148, 1.948) 0.023 2.137 (0.896, 3.377) 0.001
 Age 0.978 (0.781, 1.175) <.0001 1.03 (0.748, 1.311) <.0001
 Age^2 −0.015(−0.023, −0.006) 0.001 −0.01(−0.023, 0.002) 0.115
 Age*Cohort −0.317(−0.399, − 0.236) <.0001 −0.325(− 0.441, − 0.21) <.0001
 Age*Edu Illiterate 0.09 (0.026, 0.155) 0.006 0.153 (0.038, 0.267) 0.009
 Age*Edu Elementary school 0.086 (0.025, 0.147) 0.006 0.127 (0.06, 0.195) 0.0002
 Age*Middle school and higher (Reference) 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Age*Hukou Urban −0.064(−0.13, 0.001) 0.055 −0.24(− 0.322, − 0.158) <.0001
 Age*Lg-income − 0.116(− 0.156, − 0.077) <.0001 −0.1(− 0.157, − 0.044) 0.001
 Age*Cohort*Edu Illiterate −0.026(− 0.052, − 0.00025) 0.048 −0.054(− 0.102, − 0.006) 0.027
 Age*Cohort*Edu Elementary school −0.024(− 0.049, 0.000488) 0.055 −0.042(− 0.07, − 0.015) 0.003
 Age*Cohort*Middle school and higher (Reference) 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Age*Cohort*Hukou Urban 0.014(−0.013, 0.041) 0.321 0.075 (0.041, 0.11) <.0001
 Age*Cohort*Lg-income 0.042 (0.026, 0.059) <.0001 0.035 (0.011, 0.058) 0.003
 Age^2*Cohort −0.003(−0.006, − 0.00005) 0.046 − 0.004(− 0.008, − 0.0002) 0.04
 Age^2*Edu Illiterate 0.001(− 0.003, 0.004) 0.7 −0.003(− 0.008, 0.001) 0.175
 Age^2*Edu Elementary school −0.001(− 0.004, 0.002) 0.608 −0.003(− 0.007, − 0.00029) 0.032
 Age^2*Middle school and higher (Reference) 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Age^2*Hukou Urban 0.002(−0.002, 0.005) 0.323 0.007 (0.004, 0.011) <.0001
 Age^2*Lg-income 0.002 (0.000159, 0.004) 0.032 −0.00023(− 0.003, 0.002) 0.859
 Age^2*Cohort*Edu Illiterate −0.001(− 0.002, 0.000237) 0.138 0.000031(− 0.002, 0.002) 0.972
 Age^2*Cohort*Edu Elementary school −0.00021(− 0.001, 0.001) 0.658 0.000026(− 0.001, 0.001) 0.96
 Age^2*Cohort*Middle school and higher (Reference) 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Age^2*Cohort*Hukou Urban −0.00008(− 0.001, 0.001) 0.87 − 0.001(− 0.002, 0.001) 0.325
 Age^2*Cohort*Lg-income 0.000364(− 0.00021, 0.001) 0.211 0.001(− 0.000003, 0.002) 0.051
 Died −0.093(− 0.633, 0.448) 0.737 − 0.051(− 0.537, 0.435) 0.836
 Hukou Urban − 0.496(− 0.775, − 0.217) 0.001 −0.632(− 0.965, − 0.298) 0.0002
 Edu Illiterate 0.183(− 0.099, 0.464) 0.204 −0.088(− 0.527, 0.351) 0.694
 Edu Elementary school 0.204(−0.067, 0.475) 0.141 0.216(−0.062, 0.495) 0.128
 Edu Middle school and higher (Reference) 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Lg-income −0.113(−0.281, 0.056) 0.19 −0.133(− 0.358, 0.092) 0.248
 Cohort −0.343(− 0.438, − 0.249) <.0001 −0.278(− 0.402, − 0.155) <.0001
 Hospitalization OOP percent −0.00009(− 0.0004, 0.0003) 0.617 0.001 (0.000033, 0.002) 0.044
 Doctor visit OOP percent 0.007 (0.002, 0.013) 0.011 0.114(−0.535, 0.763) 0.731
 Hospitalization OOP Q2 0.288(−0.177, 0.752) 0.225 −0.178(− 0.876, 0.519) 0.617
 Hospitalization total fee Q2 −0.133(− 0.593, 0.328) 0.573 0.308(− 0.384, 1.0003) 0.382
 Doctor visit OOP Q2 0.129(−0.095, 0.353) 0.259 0.452(−0.096, 1.001) 0.106
 Doctor visit total fee Q2 0.099(−0.122, 0.321) 0.38 −0.293(− 0.67, 0.084) 0.128
 No spouse 0.207 (0.051, 0.363) 0.009 −0.042(− 0.272, 0.188) 0.719
 Drinking 0.01(−0.193, 0.212) 0.924 0.04(−0.129, 0.208) 0.643
 Smoking 0.261 (0.029, 0.493) 0.028 −0.209(− 0.386, − 0.032) 0.021
Random effect
 Intercept variance 10.634 (0.22) <.0001 9.675 (0.27) <.0001
 Slope variance 0.036 (0.001) <.0001 0.034 (0.001) <.0001
 Co-variance 0.521 (0.013) <.0001 0.448 (0.015) <.0001
 Residual 0.214 (0.003) <.0001 0.192 (0.004) <.0001
 -2LL 58,933.6   30,622.6  
 AIC 58,941.6   30,630.6  
 BIC 58,968.1   30,654.5