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Table 3 Cohort and socioeconomic disparities of chronic diseases DALYs

From: Trajectories of middle-aged and elderly people’s chronic diseases Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs): cohort, socio-economic status and gender disparities

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Variables β(95%CI) P β(95%CI) P β(95%CI) P
Fixed effect
 Intercept 1.55 (1.086, 2.014) <.0001 2.449 (1.795, 3.102) <.0001 1.882 (1.192, 2.571) <.0001
 Age 0.49 (0.469, 0.511) <.0001 0.575 (0.529, 0.621) <.0001 0.982 (0.821, 1.142) <.0001
 Age^2 −0.005(− 0.006, − 0.005) <.0001 − 0.004(− 0.006, − 0.001) 0.002 −0.013(− 0.02, − 0.006) <.0001
 Age*Cohort − 0.143(− 0.152, − 0.134) <.0001 − 0.138(− 0.147, − 0.129) <.0001 − 0.315(− 0.381, − 0.248) <.0001
 Age*Edu Illiterate − 0.002(− 0.002, − 0.001) <.0001 0.035 (0.021, 0.049) <.0001 0.128 (0.078, 0.178) <.0001
 Age*Edu Elementary school    0.028 (0.015, 0.04) <.0001 0.11 (0.065, 0.154) <.0001
 Age*Middle school and higher (Reference)    0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Age*Hukou Urban    −0.037(− 0.051, − 0.024) <.0001 − 0.135(− 0.186, − 0.084) <.0001
 Age*Lg-income    − 0.021(− 0.029, − 0.012) <.0001 −0.108(− 0.141, − 0.076) <.0001
 Age*Cohort*Edu Illiterate      −0.041(− 0.062, − 0.021) <.0001
 Age*Cohort*Edu Elementary school      −0.034(− 0.052, − 0.016) <.0001
 Age*Cohort*Middle school and higher (Reference)      0(.,.) .
 Age*Cohort*Hukou Urban      0.039 (0.018, 0.059) <.0001
 Age*Cohort*Lg-income      0.039 (0.025, 0.052) <.0001
 Age^2*Cohort −0.001(− 0.002, − 0.001) <.0001 − 0.002(− 0.002, − 0.001) <.0001 −0.003(− 0.006, − 0.001) 0.006
 Age^2*Edu Illiterate    0.001(−0.00006, 0.001) 0.07 −0.001(− 0.003, 0.002) 0.522
 Age^2*Edu Elementary school    0.0002(− 0.0004,0.0009) 0.478 − 0.002(− 0.004, 0) 0.052
 Age^2*Edu Middle school and higher (Reference)    0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Age^2*Hukou Urban    0.000236(− 0.00048, 0.001) 0.521 0.004 (0.002, 0.006) 0.001
 Age^2*Lg-income    −0.001(− 0.001, − 0.00016) 0.008 0.001 (0, 0.003) 0.117
 Age^2*Cohort*Edu Illiterate      −0.001(− 0.001, 0) 0.082
 Age^2*Cohort*Edu Elementary school      −0.00008(− 0.001, 0.001) 0.808
 Age^2*Cohort*Middle school and higher (Reference)      0(.,.) .
 Age^2*Cohort*Hukou Urban      − 0.0003(− 0.001, 0.000453) 0.436
 Age^2*Cohort*Lg-income      0.001 (0.000039, 0.001) 0.034
 Died −0.108(−0.469, 0.254) 0.56 −0.1(− 0.462, 0.261) 0.586 − 0.083(− 0.444, 0.279) 0.654
 Female − 0.011(− 0.148, 0.126) 0.874 −0.007(− 0.143, 0.129) 0.92 0.000423(− 0.136, 0.137) 0.995
 Hukou Urban −0.228(− 0.358, − 0.098) 0.001 − 0.666(− 0.867, − 0.464) <.0001 −0.541(− 0.753, − 0.328) <.0001
 Edu Illiterate − 0.088(− 0.224, 0.049) 0.207 0.299 (0.092, 0.505) 0.005 0.155(− 0.063, 0.372) 0.164
 Edu Elementary school 0.031(−0.083, 0.145) 0.593 0.342 (0.161, 0.522) 0 0.216 (0.023, 0.41) 0.028
 Edu Middle school and higher (Reference) 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) . 0(.,.) .
 Lg-income −0.014(− 0.097, 0.069) 0.735 − 0.235(− 0.363, − 0.107) 0 −0.117(− 0.251, 0.018) 0.09
 Cohort −0.232(− 0.305, − 0.16) <.0001 −0.301(− 0.375, − 0.226) <.0001 −0.321(− 0.396, − 0.247) <.0001
 Hospitalization OOP percent 0.00002(− 0.0003, 0.0004) 0.896 0.00002(− 0.0003, 0.00036) 0.89 0.00003(− 0.00032, 0.00036) 0.887
 Doctor visit OOP percent 0.007 (0.002, 0.013) 0.01 0.007 (0.002, 0.013) 0.011 0.007 (0.002, 0.013) 0.01
 Hospitalization OOP Q2 −0.116(−0.503, 0.271) 0.557 −0.118(− 0.505, 0.268) 0.548 −0.14(− 0.526, 0.247) 0.479
 Hospitalization total fee Q2 −0.038(− 0.422, 0.345) 0.845 −0.033(− 0.416, 0.35) 0.867 −0.01(− 0.393, 0.374) 0.961
 Doctor visit OOP Q2 −0.276(− 0.463, − 0.09) 0.004 −0.276(− 0.462, − 0.09) 0.004 −0.271(− 0.457, − 0.085) 0.004
 Doctor visit total fee Q2 0.042(− 0.141, 0.225) 0.649 0.042(− 0.141, 0.225) 0.653 0.032(− 0.151, 0.215) 0.73
 No spouse 0.13 (0.002, 0.259) 0.047 0.128 (0, 0.257) 0.051 0.127(−0.002, 0.255) 0.054
 Drinking 0.002(−0.125, 0.129) 0.973 0.001(−0.126, 0.128) 0.991 0.002(−0.125, 0.129) 0.977
 Smoking −0.045(− 0.183, 0.092) 0.518 − 0.046(− 0.183, 0.092) 0.517 −0.05(− 0.187, 0.088) 0.481
Random effect
 Intercept variance 10.34 (0.172) <.0001 10.314 (0.171) <.0001 10.291 (0.171) <.0001
 Slope variance 0.035 (0.001) <.0001 0.035 (0.001) <.0001 0.035 (0.001) <.0001
 Co-variance 0.498 (0.01) <.0001 0.496 (0.01) <.0001 0.496 (0.01) <.0001
 Residual 0.209 (0.003) <.0001 0.209 (0.003) <.0001 0.207 (0.003) <.0001
 -2LL 89,396.3   89,377.3   89,361.5  
 AIC 89,404.3   89,385.3   89,369.5  
 BIC 89,432.5   89,413.5   89,397.7