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Table 5 Cause-specific contributions to sex differences in LE in Ethiopia

From: The triple burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases and injuries on sex differences in life expectancy in Ethiopia

Cause of death 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Year % Year % Year % Year % Year %
Communicable, Maternal, Neonatal and Nutritional diseases 0.92 49.9 0.65 33.1 0.50 38.6 1.14 43.7 1.624 46.33
Respiratory infections and TB 0.82 44.3 0.60 30.8 0.68 52.8 0.94 35.9 0.79 22.6
Enteric infections −0.04 −2.2 0.05 2.6 0.07 5.4 0.28 10.8 0.659 19.77.6
Maternal and neonatal disorders −0.16 −8.6 − 0.09 −4.8 − 0.15 −11.8 − 0.02 −0.7 0.11 3.1
HIV/AIDS and STI −0.20 − 10.8 − 0.50 −25.6 − 0.51 −39.6 −0.31 − 12.0 − 0.22 −6.36
Nutritional deficiencies 0.05 2.6 0.23 11.7 0.08 6.2 −0.02 −0.8 − 0.04 −1.1
Other CDs 0.45 24.6 0.36 18.3 0.33 25.6 0.28 10.6 0.29 8.3.3
Non-communicable diseases 0.21 11.3 0.17 8.5 0.12 9.3 0.71 27.2 1.05 30.0
Cardiovascular diseases 0.04 2.1 −0.02 −1.1 −0.12 −9.0 0.11 4.4 0.25 7.1
Neoplasms −0.25 −13.4 −0.23 −11.9 − 0.26 −20.5 −0.19 −7.2 − 0.06 − 1.7
Other NCDs 0.42 22.6 0.42 21.5 0.50 38.8 0.78 30.0 0.86 24.6
Injuries 0.72 38.8 1.14 58.3 0.67 52.1 0.76 29.1 0.83 23.7
Total 1.85 100 1.96 100 1.29 100 2.61 100 3.51 100
  1. Note: Results in Year refer to cause-specific contributions to the total years of differences in LE between males and females in the last row. Results in % are derived from dividing the total years of differences in LE by contributions of each cause.