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Table 3 Cause-specific contributions to changes in LE for males and females in Ethiopia

From: The triple burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases and injuries on sex differences in life expectancy in Ethiopia

Cause of death Male, Year (%) Female, Year (%)
1995–2000 2000–2005 2005–2010 2010–2015 1995–2000 2000–2005 2005–2010 2010–2015
Communicable, Maternal, Neonatal and Nutritional diseases 1.53 (90.7) 3.96 (69.1) 5.60 (83.1) 3.84 (79.6) 1.91 (121.3) 4.05 (63.3) 4.73 (87.3) 3.20 (81.5)
Respiratory infections and TB 0.80 (47.8) 1.12 (19.5) 1.31 (19.4) 0.97 (20.1) 1.06 (67.5) 1.12 (17.6) 1.21 (22.4) 1.03 (26.1)
Enteric infections 0.49 (29.0) 0.49 (8.5) 0.34 (5.0) 0.25 (5.1) 0.33 (21.0) 0.44 (6.8) 0.13 (2.4) −0.02 (−0.5)
Maternal and neonatal disorders 0.43 (25.3) 0.51 (8.8) 0.61 (9.1) 0.68 (14.1) 0.29 (18.4) 0.35 (5.5) 0.61 (11.2) 0.63 (15.9)
HIV/AIDS and STI −0.93 (−55.1) 0.67 (11.7) 2.10 (31.2) 1.26 (26.0) −0.46 (−29.2) 0.80 (12.5) 1.14 (21.0) 0.79 (20.2)
Nutritional deficiencies 0.18 (10.5) 0.18 (3.1) 0.10 (1.4) 0.16 (3.2) 0.00 (−0.3) 0.32 (5.0) 0.22 (4.1) 0.18 (4.5)
Other CDs 0.56 (33.2) 1.00 (17.4) 1.15 (17.0) 0.53 (11.0) 0.69 (43.8) 1.02 (16.0) 1.42 (26.1) 0.60 (15.3)
Non-communicable diseases 0.66 (39.2) 0.83 (14.5) 1.00 (14.8) 0.82 (16.9) 0.69 (43.9) 0.51 (8.0) 0.49 (9.1) 0.50 (12.8)
Cardiovascular diseases 0.26 (15.5) 0.40 (7.0) 0.57 (8.4) 0.40 (8.3) 0.29 (18.5) 0.25 (3.9) 0.27 (4.9) 0.20 (5.1)
Neoplasms 0.14 (8.2) 0.16 (2.7) 0.12 (1.7) 0.14 (2.9) 0.08 (5.4) 0.06 (0.9) 0.01 (0.2) 0.04 (1.0)
Other NCDs 0.26 (15.5) 0.27 (4.8) 0.31 (4.6) 0.28 (5.8) 0.31 (20.0) 0.20 (3.2) 0.22 (4.0) 0.27 (6.8)
Injuries −0.50 (−29.9) 0.94 (16.4) 0.14 (2.1) 0.17 (3.6) −1.03 (−65.3) 1.83 (28.6) 0.19 (3.6) 0.22 (5.7)
Total 1.68 (100) 5.73 (100) 6.74 (100) 4.83 (100) 1.57 (100) 6.39 (100) 5.42 (100) 3.93 (100)
  1. Note: Results in Year refer to cause-specific contributions to the total years of changes in life expectancy (LE) in the last row. Results in % are derived from dividing the total years of changes in LE by contributions of each cause.