Skip to main content

Table 3 Wagstaff inequality indices for the prevalence of NCDs by income and education (N = 11,527)

From: Socioeconomic determinants and inequalities in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in Saudi Arabia

  Income Education
Index estimate 95 % CI Index estimate 95 % CI
National level 0.003 (–0.020 to 0.025) –0.338*** (–0.358 to − 0.316)
Gender     
Female –0.128*** (–0.160 to − 0.095) –0.513*** (–0.541 to 0.484)
Male 0.113*** (0.083 to 0.144) –0.173*** (–0.203 to − 0.144)
Regions     
Riyadh 0.002 (–0.056 to 0.061) –0.202*** (–0.259 to − 0.145)
Albaha –0.098** (–0.181 to − 0.015) –0.434*** (–0.511 to − 0.357)
Aljouf –0.123* (–0.253 to 0.009) –0.298*** (–0.425 to − 0.171)
Aseer 0.049 (–0.053 to 0.151) –0.352*** (–0.446 to − 0.253)
Eastern Region –0.044 (–0.115 to 0.028) –0.310*** (–0.377 to − 0.243)
Haiel 0.095** (0.001 to 0.188) –0.542*** (–0.625 to 0.459)
Jazan –0.084 (–0.196 to 0.029) –0.412*** (–0.518 to − 0.305)
Madenah –0.190*** (–0.272 to − 0.107) –0.585*** (–0.658 to − 0.513)
Mekkah –0.076*** (–0.128 to 0.024) –0.276*** (–0.326 to − 0.225)
Najran –0.112 (–0.248 to 0.024) –0.550*** (–0.672 to − 0.428)
Northern Border 0.333*** (0.180 to 0.484) –0.253*** (–0.404 to 0.102)
Qassim 0.147*** (0.083 to 0.209) –0.233*** (–0.294 to − 0.172)
Tabuk –0.122*** (–0.203 to − 0.041) –0.611*** (–0.679 to − 0.542)
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1