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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of the prevalence of NCDs and socio-economic characteristics (N = 11,527)

From: Socioeconomic determinants and inequalities in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in Saudi Arabia

Variable Frequency Percent with NCDs Chi square
Age    520.23***
18–29 3733 5.04  
30–39 2398 9.01  
40–49 1805 31.80  
50–59 1569 63.10  
≥ 60 2022 85.95  
Gender    10.51***
Female 5269 33.68  
Male 6258 30.86  
Marital status    404.21***
Married 7395 38.69  
Unmarried 4132 20.45  
Education level    160.63***
Below primary school 2226 64.11  
Primary school 1246 43.82  
Intermediate school 1893 30.48  
Secondary school 3870 17.98  
Higher education 2292 20.07  
Nationality    275.76***
Non-Saudi 2882 19.64  
Saudi 8645 36.32  
Monthly income (Saudi Riyal)    88.26***
 < 3000 1062 30.32  
3000 to < 5000 1851 33.87  
5000 to < 7000 1777 33.99  
7000 to < 10,000 2220 30.86  
10,000 to < 15,000 2173 30.00  
15,000 to < 20,000 1118 30.14  
20,000 to < 30,000 721 26.77  
≥ 30,000 605 47.27  
Region    274.39***
Riyadh 1,652 32.26  
Albaha 745 38.66  
Aljouf 386 24.09  
Aseer 581 29.78  
Eastern Region 1,049 36.42  
Haiel 745 25.91  
Jazan 663 17.95  
Madenah 834 30.58  
Mekkah 2,003 34.30  
Najran 408 20.83  
Northern Border 411 14.60  
Qassim 1,261 42.66  
Tabuk 789 38.02  
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1