Skip to main content

Table 2 Featuring census tracts’ population based on their classification as food deserts and food swamps

From: Social inequalities in the surrounding areas of food deserts and food swamps in a Brazilian metropolis

Census tract features FOOD DESERT FOOD SWAMPS Food deserts and food swamps at the same timea
(n = 487; 12.74%)
Yes(n = 1444; 37.80%) No(n = 2386; 62.2%) Yes(n = 2240; 58.50%) No(n = 1590; 41.50%)
Mean ± SD/ % Mean ± SD/ % Mean ± SD/ % Mean ± SD/ % Mean ± SD/ %
Income per capita (R$)b*+ 631.44 ± 714.10 816.93 ± 857.64 787.85 ± 783.27 689.44 ± 846.43 595.32 ± 655.3
Total Populationb*+ 511.88 ± 310.10 683.76 ± 290.95 682.43 ± 294.08 529.54 ± 309.15 590.47 ± 296.74
Number of householdsb*+ 162.53 ± 99.57 220.84 ± 89.47 220.28 ± 90.73 168.68 ± 98.92 186.65 ± 93.90
Number literate individualsb*+ 457.97 ± 277.18 625.14 ± 261.04 623.97 ± 264.51 474.97 ± 276.21 530.99 ± 265.99
Racec
White*+ 43.16 48.38 47.89 44.69 42.18
Mixed*+ 55.52 50.45 50.93 54.05 56.55
Asian descendant/Indigenous*+ 1.30 1.16 1.18 1.27 1.27
Health Vulnerability Indexd
Low*+ 27.70 39.00 37.10 31.30 24.40
Medium*+ 31.60 42.10 42.80 31.50 38.60
High*+ 40.70 18.90 20.10 37.20 37.00
  1. Note: * Statistical difference between food deserts and no- food deserts; + Statistical difference between food swamps and no- food swamps; Statistical difference; a Comparison as the sectors that are neither deserts nor swamps (S1); b p-value calculated by the t-test, c Result expressed in percentage of individuals and p-value calculated by the chi-square; d Result expressed in percentage of census tract and p-value calculated by the chi-square; p-value < 0,05