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Table 5 Adjusted hazard ratios of hepatocellular carcinoma mortality between low- and high-income groups by sex and age groups by testing interactions

From: Does low income effects 5-year mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma patients?

Variable Hazzard ratio 95% Hazzard ratio confidence limits P-value
Male Age 49 or younger Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 1.956 1.341 2.854 <.001
Age 50–59 Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 2.678 1.827 3.924 <.001
Age 60–69 Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 1.240 0.913 1.683 0.169
Age 70 or older Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 1.132 0.836 1.534 0.423
Female Age 49 or younger Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 0.529 0.221 1.262 0.151
Age 50–59 Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 1.120 0.582 2.157 0.734
Age 60–69 Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 1.678 1.007 2.796 0.047
Age 70 or older Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 1st (lowest) 1.218 0.875 1.697 0.243
  1. *All adjusted by sex, age group, disability, new cases by year, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, other (non-viral, non-alcoholic) liver cirrhosis and regional level(current smoking rate, high-risk drinking rate, walking exercise practice rate, obesity rate, percentage of college graduates)