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Table 4 Adjusted hazard ratios of hepatocellular carcinoma mortality by sex and age groups

From: Does low income effects 5-year mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma patients?

Variables Hazard ratio 95% Hazzard ratio confidence limits p-value
Male Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 4th 1.140 0.979 1.328 0.092
The 3rd 1.422 1.212 1.669 <.001
The 2nd 1.560 1.325 1.838 <.001
The 1st (lowest) 1.541 1.309 1.815 <.001
Trend test 1.127 1.087 1.169 <.001
Female Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 4th 1.033 0.810 1.318 0.794
The 3rd 1.107 0.857 1.429 0.436
The 2nd 1.129 0.862 1.477 0.379
The 1st (lowest) 1.265 0.995 1.607 0.055
Trend test 1.057 1.000 1.118 0.049
Age 49 or younger Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 4th 1.270 0.929 1.735 0.135
The 3rd 1.595 1.166 2.181 0.004
The 2nd 1.714 1.239 2.371 0.001
The 1st (lowest) 1.568 1.121 2.193 0.009
Trend test 1.131 1.052 1.215 0.001
Age 50–59 Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 4th 1.509 1.105 2.059 0.010
The 3rd 1.593 1.151 2.204 0.005
The 2nd 2.089 1.512 2.887 <.001
The 1st (lowest) 2.197 1.586 3.043 <.001
Trend test 1.209 1.126 1.298 <.001
Age 60–69 Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 4th 1.116 0.875 1.423 0.377
The 3rd 1.474 1.147 1.895 0.003
The 2nd 1.355 1.036 1.772 0.026
The 1st (lowest) 1.354 1.044 1.757 0.022
Trend test 1.087 1.026 1.150 0.004
Age 70 or older Income (quintiles)    
The 5th (highest) Reference    
The 4th 0.967 0.777 1.202 0.759
The 3rd 1.140 0.894 1.454 0.292
The 2nd 1.074 0.841 1.372 0.569
The 1st (lowest) 1.177 0.945 1.466 0.146
Trend test 1.042 0.991 1.096 0.111
  1. *All adjusted by sex, age group, disability, new cases by year, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, other (non-viral, non-alcoholic) liver cirrhosis and regional level(current smoking rate, high-risk drinking rate, walking exercise practice rate, obesity rate, percentage of college graduates). Trend test according to decrease in income level