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Table 4 Adjusted hazard ratios of hepatocellular carcinoma mortality by sex and age groups

From: Does low income effects 5-year mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma patients?

Variables

Hazard ratio

95% Hazzard ratio confidence limits

p-value

Male

Income (quintiles)

   

The 5th (highest)

Reference

   

The 4th

1.140

0.979

1.328

0.092

The 3rd

1.422

1.212

1.669

<.001

The 2nd

1.560

1.325

1.838

<.001

The 1st (lowest)

1.541

1.309

1.815

<.001

Trend test

1.127

1.087

1.169

<.001

Female

Income (quintiles)

   

The 5th (highest)

Reference

   

The 4th

1.033

0.810

1.318

0.794

The 3rd

1.107

0.857

1.429

0.436

The 2nd

1.129

0.862

1.477

0.379

The 1st (lowest)

1.265

0.995

1.607

0.055

Trend test

1.057

1.000

1.118

0.049

Age 49 or younger

Income (quintiles)

   

The 5th (highest)

Reference

   

The 4th

1.270

0.929

1.735

0.135

The 3rd

1.595

1.166

2.181

0.004

The 2nd

1.714

1.239

2.371

0.001

The 1st (lowest)

1.568

1.121

2.193

0.009

Trend test

1.131

1.052

1.215

0.001

Age 50–59

Income (quintiles)

   

The 5th (highest)

Reference

   

The 4th

1.509

1.105

2.059

0.010

The 3rd

1.593

1.151

2.204

0.005

The 2nd

2.089

1.512

2.887

<.001

The 1st (lowest)

2.197

1.586

3.043

<.001

Trend test

1.209

1.126

1.298

<.001

Age 60–69

Income (quintiles)

   

The 5th (highest)

Reference

   

The 4th

1.116

0.875

1.423

0.377

The 3rd

1.474

1.147

1.895

0.003

The 2nd

1.355

1.036

1.772

0.026

The 1st (lowest)

1.354

1.044

1.757

0.022

Trend test

1.087

1.026

1.150

0.004

Age 70 or older

Income (quintiles)

   

The 5th (highest)

Reference

   

The 4th

0.967

0.777

1.202

0.759

The 3rd

1.140

0.894

1.454

0.292

The 2nd

1.074

0.841

1.372

0.569

The 1st (lowest)

1.177

0.945

1.466

0.146

Trend test

1.042

0.991

1.096

0.111

  1. *All adjusted by sex, age group, disability, new cases by year, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, other (non-viral, non-alcoholic) liver cirrhosis and regional level(current smoking rate, high-risk drinking rate, walking exercise practice rate, obesity rate, percentage of college graduates). Trend test according to decrease in income level