Skip to main content

Table 3 Adjusted hazard ratios of hepatocellular carcinoma mortality by multi-level

From: Does low income effects 5-year mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma patients?

Variables HR(Hazard Ratio) p-value
Sex
 Female Reference  
 Male 1.694 <.001
Age group
 49 or younger Reference  
 50–59 1.691 <.001
 60–69 3.338 <.001
 70 or older 8.267 <.001
Income (quintiles)
 The 5th (highest) Reference  
 The 4th 1.096 0.161
 The 3rd 1.323 <.001
 The 2nd 1.414 <.001
 The 1st (lowest) 1.451 <.001
Disability
 None Reference  
 Mild 1.144 0.084
 Severe 1.454 0.008
New cases by year
 2004 Reference  
 2005 0.949 0.441
 2006 1.030 0.675
 2007 0.933 0.336
 2008 0.914 0.192
Hepatitis B
 No Reference  
 Yes 1.172 0.001
Hepatitis C
 No Reference  
 Yes 0.812 <.001
Alcoholic liver cirrhosis
 No Reference  
 Yes 2.187 <.001
Other (non-viral, non-alcoholic) liver cirrhosis
 No Reference  
 Yes 1.214 0.023
Regional Level
 Current smoking rate* 1.019 0.038
 High-risk drinking rate* 0.994 0.331
 Walking exercise practice rate * 0.996 0.037
 Obesity rate * 1.003 0.634
 Percentage of college graduates * 1.005 0.023
 Income 1.106 <.001
  1. *Continuous variable at regional level Trend test according to decrease in income level