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Table 4 Percentage of healthcare subsidy by the poorest 20% and the richest 20% population groups and concentration indices in 2004 and 2018

From: Did the poor gain from India’s health policy interventions? Evidence from benefit-incidence analysis, 2004–2018

Quintile Groups 2004 2018
HF States HFNE States Other States All States HF States HFNE States Other States All states
Inpatient care
 Poorest 20% 10.95 12.10 13.35 14.59 12.78 13.25 21.06 13.10
 Richest 20% 37.81 29.89 24.21 29.48 34.89 32.93 23.17 26.68
 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
 CI 0.329 0.210 0.117 0.247 0.202 0.181 0.150 0.202
 SE 0.016 0.042 0.013 0.010 0.013 0.029 0.011 0.009
Outpatient care
 Poorest 20% 12.47 16.34 17.93 15.22 16.13 25.43 19.21 16.95
 Richest 20% 34.05 27.85 27.75 31.78 28.02 22.52 23.42 30.16
 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
 CI 0.297 0.085 0.102 0.205 0.055 0.178 0.067 0.181
 SE 0.029 0.052 0.018 0.014 0.022 0.099 0.013 0.018