Skip to main content

Table 4 Maternal Hukou Status and Birth-Related Outcomes

From: Hukou-based rural–urban disparities in maternal health service utilization and delivery modes in two Chinese cities in Guangdong Province

  City A City B
  Odds Ratio
Reached minimum recommended number of prenatal care visits 0.990 0.781***
[0.950, 1.032] [0.740, 0.825]
N 54,724 25,842
Delivery at tertiary hospital 0.734*** 0.336***
[0.701, 0.769] [0.319, 0.354]
N 54,729 25,839
Delivery via Cesarean section 1.065*** 1.127***
[1.027, 1.104] [1.069, 1.189]
N 54,729 25,844
  Coef
Total medical cost
Cesarean section -0.040*** -0.094***
[-0.046, -0.033] [-0.120, -0.068]
R-squared 0.09 0.01
N 21,269 10,159
Natural delivery -0.078*** -0.199***
  [-0.085, -0.071] [-0.221, -0.177]
R-squared 0.13 0.03
N 33,464 15,690
  1. Note. We used logistic models to analyze whether Cesarean section was conducted and whether the delivery took place at a tertiary hospital. We used an ordinary least squares model to analyze outcomes on the log of total medical spending. For all of the regressions, we included maternal age and year and month dummies as control variables. We used urban mothers as the reference group. 95% confidence intervals are shown in brackets.
  2. *p < .1, **p < .05, *** p < .001