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Table 4 Relative risk (95% CI) and population attributable fraction for SE and social factorsb c

From: The cumulation of ill health and low agency in socially excluded city dwellers in the Netherlands: how to better identify high-risk/high-need population segments with public health survey data

  Social exclusion (10.3%)a Low education (9.0%)a Low household income (24.7%)a Low labour market position (14.1%)a Non-Western migration background (31.8%)a
RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF RR PAF
CVD risk factors
♦ Diabetes 2.25 (1.96–2.57) 11.33 3.83 ↑(3.42–4.28) 20.27 1.43 ↓(1.27–1.61) 9.66 2.12 (1.86–2.42) 13.65 2.06 (1.87–2.28) 25.30
♦ High blood pressure 1.63 (1.47–1.81) 6.09 2.37 ↑(2.17–2.59) 10.96 1.03 ↓(0.94–1.12) 0.64 1.66 (1.51–1.83) 8.53 1.12 ↓(1.03–1.21) 3.63
♦ Current smoking 1.58 (1.46—1.71) 5.64 0.98 ↓(0.88–1.08) −0.22 1.41 (1.32–1.51) 9.27 1.51 (1.40–1.63) 6.73 1.02 ↓(0.95–1.09) 0.57
♦ Obesity 1.92 (1.72–2.14) 8.60 2.45 ↑(2.22–2.71) 11.57 1.34 ↓(1.22–1.47) 7.71 2.05 (1.85–2.26) 12.85 1.68 (1.54–1.82) 17.72
♦ Inactivity 3.29 (2.92–3.70) 18.99 2.71 (2.40–3.06) 13.33 1.86 ↓(1.66–2.08) 17.54 3.11 (2.78–3.50) 22.97 2.48 ↓(2.24–2.74) 32.01
Cancer 1.31 (1.02–1.69) 3.11 1.90 (1.53–2.36) 7.46 0.82(0.66–1.02) −4.75 1.56 (1.24–1.96) 7.30 0.55 ↓(0.44–0.69) −16.68
Low self-rated health 2.83 (2.69—2.99) 15.83 2.71 (2.57–2.85) 13.33 1.71 ↓(1.62–1.80) 14.87 3.04 (2.89–3.19) 22.31 1.82 ↓(1.73–1.92) 20.73
Anxiety /depression 7.95 (7.19–8.78) 41.60 2.79 ↓(2.48–3.14) 13.87 2.46 ↓(2.21–2.75) 26.52 5.79 ↓(5.22–6.43) 40.33 2.69 ↓(2.42–2.98) 34.93
Low personal control 6.36 (5.87–6.91) 35.49 3.17 ↓(2.88–3.50) 16.34 2.08 ↓(1.89–2.28) 20.98 4.66 ↓(4.28–5.09) 34.06 2.08 ↓(1.91–2.28) 25.67
  1. a Weighted prevalences, population 19 years and older, G4, 2016
  2. b In italic if not significant at α = 0.05 and bold if RR strong, i.e., between 3 and 8 [26]
  3. c ↓ RR is significantly lower than the RR of SE alone, i.e., no overlap of 95% CIs, ↑ RR is significantly higher than the RR of SE alone