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Table 3 Logistic regressions of vulnerability, sociodemographic characteristics, and insurance status - 2017 U.S. Civilian noninstitutionalized population under 65 years old

From: The convergence of racial and income disparities in health insurance coverage in the United States

Independent Variables Model 1 (1 = Insured 0 = Uninsured or partially insured) Model 2 (1 = Insured 0 = Partially insured) Model 3 (1 = Insured 0 = Uninsured)
Number of Observations Used 25,696 23,135 22,380
Intercept 3.68 (2.43, 5.57)c 5.64 (3.38, 9.41)c 14.21 (7.55, 26.75)c
Vulnerability
 Minority-low income-bad health 0.32 (0.24, 0.42)c 0.43 (0.30, 0.61)c 0.19 (0.13, 0.27)c
 Minority-low income-good health 0.26 (0.22, 0.32)c 0.34 (0.28, 0.43)c 0.16 (0.13, 0.21)c
 White-low income-bad health 0.55 (0.40, 0.74)c 0.55 (0.37, 0.80)b 0.52 (0.36, 0.77)c
 White-low income-good health 0.58 (0.49, 0.68)c 0.69 (0.57, 0.84)c 0.42 (0.33, 0.53)c
 Minority-high income-bad health 0.46 (0.33, 0.64)c 0.52 (0.35, 0.79)b 0.34 (0.22, 0.53)c
 Minority-high income-good health 0.37 (0.30, 0.45)c 0.40 (0.32, 0.51)c 0.29 (0.22, 0.39)c
 White-high income-bad health 0.79 (0.56, 1.10) 0.83 (0.56, 1.22) 0.69 (0.42, 1.16)
 White-high income-good health Reference group Reference group Reference group
Sex
 Male 0.79 (0.74, 0.85)c 0.90 (0.82, 0.97)a 0.65 (0.59, 0.72)c
 Female Reference group Reference group Reference group
Education
 GED/high school 1.36 (1.22, 1.52)c 1.12 (0.97, 1.29) 1.62 (1.40, 1.87)c
 College 2.98 (2.55, 3.49)c 1.99 (1.63, 2.42)c 5.11 (3.93, 6.64)c
 None Reference group Reference group Reference group
Employment status
 Employed 0.71 (0.64, 0.80)c 0.75 (0.66, 0.86)c 0.64 (0.55, 0.74)c
 Unemployed Reference group Reference group Reference group
Census region
 Northeast 1.90 (1.58, 2.29)c 1.59 (1.28, 1.96)c 2.61 (1.95, 3.50)c
 Midwest 1.43 (1.20, 1.69)c 1.25 (1.04, 1.50)a 1.77 (1.36, 2.30)c
 West 1.40 (1.21, 1.63)c 1.18 (0.99, 1.40) 1.88 (1.54, 2.30)c
 South Reference group Reference group Reference group
Perceived mental health status
 Excellent 1.21 (0.83, 1.77) 1.57 (1.01, 2.45)a 0.76 (0.41, 1.41)
 Very good 1.29 (0.88, 1.88) 1.56 (1.00, 2.43) 0.90 (0.50, 1.63)
 Good 1.13 (0.77, 1.66) 1.45 (0.93, 2.28) 0.73 (0.40, 1.32)
 Fair 1.35 (0.91, 1.98) 1.55 (0.99, 2.42) 1.03 (0.54, 1.97)
 Poor Reference group Reference group Reference group
Need ADL help
 Yes 4.13 (2.45, 6.95)c 4.03 (2.01, 8.08)c 4.19 (2.00, 8.81)c
 No Reference group Reference group Reference group
  1. All values are odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) unless otherwise specified. a P < 0.05, b P < 0.01, c P < 0.001
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