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Table 1 Vulnerability and health insurance coverage - 2017 US civilian noninstitutionalized population under 65 years old1

From: The convergence of racial and income disparities in health insurance coverage in the United States

       Insurance coverage
Vulnerability N (%) Public insurance Private insurance Private & public insurance Partial insurance Uninsured
Minority-low income-bad health 1022 (4.0) 54.5 (50.6, 58.4) 8.9 (7.1, 10.8) 5.6 (4.2, 7.0) 15.2 (12.6, 17.7) 15.8 (12.6, 19.0)
Minority-low income-good health 6783 (26.4) 46.5 (44.4, 48.6) 14.2 (12.8, 15.7) 5.9 (4.9, 6.9) 18.1 (16.6, 19.6) 15.3 (13.7, 16.8)
White-low income-bad health 511 (2.0) 53.4 (49.7, 57.0) 12.8 (9.7, 16.0) 8.5 (6.2, 10.7) 14.9 (11.5, 18.2) 10.4 (8.2, 12.7)
White-low income-good health 2408 (9.4) 39.0 (35.5, 42.5) 25.8 (22.5, 29.1) 8.2 (6.5, 9.9) 17.2 (15.2, 19.3) 9.8 (8.3, 11.3)
Minority-high income-bad health 541 (2.1) 17.4 (14.4, 20.4) 51.3 (46.9, 55.8) 8.6 (6.0, 11.1) 14.4 (11.0, 17.8) 8.3 (6.3, 10.3)
Minority-high income-good health 6742 (26.2) 9.9 (8.8, 11.0) 65.4 (63.4, 67.4) 4.8 (4.0, 5.6) 11.3 (10.3, 12.4) 8.6 (7.6, 9.7)
White-high income-bad health 481 (1.9) 15.6 (12.5, 18.7) 61.7 (57.9, 65.6) 6.0 (4.3, 7.7) 10.9 (8.8, 12.9) 5.9 (3.8, 7.9)
White-high income-good health 7208 (28.1) 4.9 (4.2, 5.6)7 78.2 (76.6, 79.8) 4.5 (3.7, 5.2) 8.7 (7.6, 9.8) 3.7 (3.0, 4.3)
  1. 1All values are proportions (95% confidence intervals) unless otherwise specified. Civilian noninstitutionalized population is defined as “All U.S. civilians not residing in institutional group quarters facilities such as correctional institutions, juvenile facilities, skilled nursing facilities, and other long-term care living arrangements”
  2. (Reference: https://www.census.gov/glossary/#term_Civiliannoninstitutionalizedpopulation)
  3. The observations with “Don’t know” were setting to missing and are not presented in this Table
  4. *The subjects with missing ages were not included because we could not assume they were under 65 years old
  5. *Family income comprised annual earnings from wages, salaries, bonuses, tips, commissions; business and farm gains and losses; unemployment and workman’s compensation; interest and dividends; alimony, child support, and other private cash transfers; private pensions, IRA withdrawals, social security, and veterans payments; supplemental security income and cash welfare payments from public assistance, aid to families with dependent children, and aid to dependent children; gains and losses from estates, trusts, partnerships, S corporations, rent, and royalties; and a small amount of “other” income. Family income excluded tax refunds and capital gains
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