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Table 4 Multivariable-adjusted linear regression analysis evaluating the impact of different factors on psycho-social wellbeing of both women and men

From: Gender-based disparities on health indices during COVID-19 crisis: a nationwide cross-sectional study in Jordan

Variable Psychological stress (PHQ-4)
  β 95% CIa P value
Gender
Male (refb)    
Female 0.88 0.54–1.22 < 0.01
Age (Years)
≤30 (ref)    
31–50 0.53 −0.61 – 0.72 0.88
≥50 −1.4 −1.8 - -0.8 < 0.01
Marital status
Married (ref)    
Unmarried 0.7 0.16–1.23 0.01
Region
Capital (ref)    
North − 0.44 −1.12 – 0.24 0.21
Central 0.66 −0.59 – 0.72 0.20
Southern −0.29 −1.02 – 0.43 0.43
Income (JOD)c
≤350 (ref)    
350–700 −0.36 −0.91 - -0.20 0.21
≥700 −1.00 −2.02 - -0.92 0.07
Level of education
Illiterate (ref)    
Less than secondary 0.45 −0.82 - 1.72 0.49
Secondary 0.41 −0.89 – 1.70 0.54
Above secondary 0.38 −0.94 – 1.71 0.57
Household members
≤3 (ref)    
4–6 0.77 0.12–1.41 0.02
> 6 0.61 −0.11 – 1.34 0.10
  1. aCI Confidence interval
  2. bref.: reference group
  3. c Monthly household income in JOD = Jordanian Dinar; 1 JOD = 1.41 USD