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Table 4 Percentage of area and population covered within the eight types of under-served areas in terms of travel time on Hainan Island (2018)

From: An integrated analysis of spatial access to the three-tier healthcare delivery system in China: a case study of Hainan Island

Type Multilevel healthcare access zones Area % Population %
A Effective service zone 48.52% 76.36%
B Lack of Tier 1 healthcare facilities 1.02% 0.53%
C Lack of Tier 2 healthcare facilities 13.33% 8.81%
D Lack of Tier 3 healthcare facilities 5.16% 2.80%
E Lack of Tier 2 and Tier 1 healthcare facilities 8.61% 3.86%
F Lack of Tier 3 and Tier 1 healthcare facilities 0.67% 0.30%
G Lack of Tier 3 and Tier 2 healthcare facilities 4.43% 2.11%
H Lack of all tiers of healthcare facilities 18.27% 5.22%
  1. Note: Tier 1 healthcare institutions are clinics in urban areas and village clinics in rural areas. Tier 2 healthcare institutions are CHCs in urban areas and THCs in rural areas. Tier 3 healthcare institutions are hospitals
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