Skip to main content

Table 4 The effect of socioeconomic factors on changes in stunting among children aged 3–59 months in the TDHS 2004/5, 2010 and 2015/6

From: Inequalities in stunting among under-five children in Tanzania: decomposing the concentration indexes using demographic health surveys from 2004/5 to 2015/6

Child stunting
Characteristics
Phase I
2004/5–2010
APR (95% CI)
Phase II
2010–2015/6
APR (95% CI)
Phase III
2004/5–2015/6
APR (95% CI)
Survey year 0.96 (0 .9, 1.0) 0.8 (0.76, 0.88) *** 0.8 (0.74, 0.86) ***
Area of residence
 Urban 1 1 1
 Rural 0.9 (0.8, 0.99)* 1.1 (0.93, 1.21) 0.97 (0.87, 1.08)
Mother’s level of education
 No education 1 1 1
 Primary 0.99 (0.92, 1.06) 0.9 (0.85, 0.97)** 0.99 (0.93, 1.07)
 Secondary 0.8 (`.64, 0.9) ** 0.7 (0.63, 0.85) *** 0.9 (0.77, 1.01)
Maternal BMI
  < 18.5 1 1 1
  ≥ 18.5 0.89 (0.82, 0.99)* 0.89 (0.8, 0.97)* 0.96 (0.86, 1.1)
Childbirth weight
 Small 1 1 1
 Average 0.85 (0.77, 0.9)*** 0.72 (0.66,0.79)*** 0.77 (0.7, 0.83)***
 Large 0.72 (0.66, 0.79)*** 0.62 (0.8, 1.1)*** 0.63 (0.59, 0.69)***
Wealth quintiles
 Poorest 1 1 1
 Poorer 0.9 (0.85, 1)* 0.9 (0.83, 0.99)* 0.9 (0.87, 1.01)
 Middle 0.88 (0.81, 0.96)* 0.9 (0.82, 0.98)* 0.9 (0.84, 0.99)*
 Richer 0.8 (0.76, 0.9) *** 0.8 (0.71, 0.87) *** 0.8 (0.74, 0.89) ***
 Richest 0.5 (0.44, 0.6) *** 0.6 (0.48, 0.7) *** 0.5 (0.43, 0.59) ***
  1. Adjusted for child age, child sex, child-size at birth; diarrhea status, maternal age, zones, cesarean delivery, marital status, skilled birth attendant, number of ANC visits, and year of interview
  2. * Significant at P < 0.05; ** Significant at P < 0.01; *** Significant at P < 0.001
  3. TDHS represents Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys