Non-use of outpatient services
=1, Reported non-use of outpatient services
=0, No reported non-use of outpatient services
Questions: Have you been ill in the last two weeks? What was the main reason for not seeking outpatient treatment?
Non-use of inpatient services
=1, Reported non-use of inpatient services
=0, No reported non-use of inpatient services
Question: In the past year, did a doctor suggest that you needed inpatient care but you were not hospitalized? What was the main reason for not seeking inpatient treatment?
Non-use of physical examinations
=1, Did not undergo physical examination
=0, Underwent physical examination
Question: Have you had a physical examination in the past 12 months?
Early discharge from the hospital
=1, Reported early discharge from the hospital
=0, No reported early discharge from the hospital
Question: In the year before the survey, were you ever discharged early from hospital? What was the main
reason for your self-discharge?
= 1, Male, = 2, Female
Question: What is your sex?
=1, if ≤30; =2, 30–45; =3, 45–60; =4, if ≥60
Question: Year of birth.
=1, not married;=2, married
Question: What is your marital status? (Widowhood and divorce both belong to “not married”.)
=1, employed; =2, not employed; =3, retired
Question: What is your employment status?
=1, less than lower secondary;
=2, upper secondary & vocational training;
Question: What is your education level?
=1, if ≤2 persons in household;
=2, if ≥3 persons in household
Number of household members
Social health insurance
=1, have insurance;
=0, have no insurance
Question: Do you have any social health insurance?
Yearly household income divided by the number of household members; first household member with a weight of 1, all following household members with a weight of 0.5.
Area of residence
Question: What is your registered type?
=1, financial subsidies from government
=2, no financial subsidies from government
Whether the respondent was a Medicaid recipient or in a poor household or low-income household
Self-reported health status(Value on VAS)
=1, excellent (80–100);
=2, good (70–80);
=3, fair (50–70);
=4, poor (≤49)
Question: Which score best represents your health today?
=0, no chronic;
=1, one chronic;
=2, multiple chronic diseases
Questions: Do you have confirmed hypertension?
Do you have confirmed diabetes?
Do you have other chronic diseases diagnosed?
=0, not depressed
Question: What is the extent of your anxiety or depression?
Whether the respondent ever drank alcoholic beverages or is presently a drinker
Whether the respondent reports ever having smoked or is presently a smoker