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Table 2 Early ANC initiation among users of 1+ ANC

From: Examining user fee reductions in public primary healthcare facilities in Kenya, 1997–2012: effects on the use and content of antenatal care

  Early ANC (All women) Early ANC
(Worse-off women)
Early ANC
(Better-off women)
Estimate [95% CI] p-value Estimate [95% CI] p-value Estimate [95% CI] p-value
Pre-policy starting level 14.0% [10.2,17.9%]   4.5% [0.0,9.5%]   20.4% [15.1,25.6%]  
Pre-policy half-yearly trend −0.3% [− 0.9,0.3%] 0.355 + 0.7% [0.0,1.3%] 0.047 −1.0% [− 2.0,0.0%] 0.049
Immediate change in level + 2.6% [− 2.5,7.6%] 0.303 −4.5% [− 11.4,2.4%] 0.191 + 9.3% [− 0.4,18.9%] 0.059
Immediate change in slope + 1.0% [0.3,1.7%] 0.008 −0.2% [− 0.9,0.5%] 0.609 + 2.0% [0.8,3.3%] 0.002
Post-policy half-yearly trend + 0.7% [0.5,0.9%] < 0.001 + 0.5% [0.2,0.8%] 0.006 + 1.0% [0.5,1.5%] < 0.001