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Table 2 Early ANC initiation among users of 1+ ANC

From: Examining user fee reductions in public primary healthcare facilities in Kenya, 1997–2012: effects on the use and content of antenatal care

 Early ANC (All women)Early ANC
(Worse-off women)
Early ANC
(Better-off women)
Estimate [95% CI]p-valueEstimate [95% CI]p-valueEstimate [95% CI]p-value
Pre-policy starting level14.0% [10.2,17.9%] 4.5% [0.0,9.5%] 20.4% [15.1,25.6%] 
Pre-policy half-yearly trend−0.3% [− 0.9,0.3%]0.355+ 0.7% [0.0,1.3%]0.047−1.0% [− 2.0,0.0%]0.049
Immediate change in level+ 2.6% [− 2.5,7.6%]0.303−4.5% [− 11.4,2.4%]0.191+ 9.3% [− 0.4,18.9%]0.059
Immediate change in slope+ 1.0% [0.3,1.7%]0.008−0.2% [− 0.9,0.5%]0.609+ 2.0% [0.8,3.3%]0.002
Post-policy half-yearly trend+ 0.7% [0.5,0.9%]< 0.001+ 0.5% [0.2,0.8%]0.006+ 1.0% [0.5,1.5%]< 0.001