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Table 1 Summary description of articlesa included in review by health outcome

From: Socially-assigned race and health: a scoping review with global implications for population health equity

 Reference nameDatasetSample size, and study participant age and sexSocially-assigned race measurementHealth outcome (s)Racial/ethnic groups included
Self-rated health and physical health outcomesJones et al. 2008 [20]Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2004N = 34,755
18+
How do other people usually classify you in this country [United States]?Self-rated healthAmerican Indian / Alaskan Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, More than one race, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Other, White
Veenstra 2011 [29]Survey Research Center at the University of Victoria 2009N = 1499
18+
“And what about other people who you meet, what racial back-ground do other people tend to think you are? Do they think that you’re White, Asian, South Asian, Black, Southeast Asian, or Aboriginal, or perhaps some combination of these, or maybe something else I haven’t mentioned?”Self-rated health, HypertensionAboriginal, Asian, Black, Other, South Asian, Southeast Asian, White
Cormack et al. 2013 [25]New Zealand Health Survey 2006–2007N = 12,488
15+
“How do other people usually classify you in New Zealand?”Self-rated healthAsian, European ethnic group, Māori, Other ethnic group, Pacific
Harris et al. 2013 [30]New Zealand Health Survey 2006–2007N = 3160
15+
“How do other people usually classify you in New Zealand?”Self-rated healthMāori
Perreira et al. 2014 [31]Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America (PERLA) 2010N = 4921
18–65
Racial category assigned by interviewerSelf-rated healthIndigena, Mestizo, Mulato or Black, Other, White
Vargas et al. 2015 [11]Latino Decisions/impreMedia 2011N = 1200
18+
“How do other people usually classify you in the United States?Self-rated healthLatinx
Garcia et al. 2015 [6]Latino Decisions/impreMedia 2011N = 1200
18+
How do other people usually classify you in the United States?Self-rated healthLatinx
Cobb et al. 2016 [13]Nashville Stress and Health Study 2011–2014N = 1186
22–69
Socially-assigned skin tone (proxy for socially-assigned race) assessed by interviewersAllostatic loadBlack, White
Muriwai et al. 2016 [32]New Zealand Attitudes and
Values Study (NZAVS) - Maori Focus questionnaire 2012
N = 667
18+
Perceived appearanceSmoking statusMāori
Lopez et al. 2018 [33]Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (LNHIS) 2015N = 1197
18+
How do other people usually classify you in the United States?
What is your street race?
Self-rated overall physical healthLatinx
Lawrence et al. 2019 [34]Arizona Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013–2014N = 8370
18+
How do other people usually classify you in this country [United States]?Self-reported diabetesLatinx, White
Preventive health screeningsMacIntosh et al. 2013 [23]Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2004N = 33,679
18+
How do other people usually classify you in this country [United States]?Receipt of influenza vaccination (> 65); receipt of pneumococcal vaccination (> 65); Breast cancer screening (women, > 40); Cervical cancer screening in last 3 years (women, > 21); Prostate cancer screening (PSA and DRE, men > 50); Colorectal screening (FOBT, colonoscopy, > 50)American Indian / Alaskan Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, More than one race, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Other, White
*responses other than non-Hispanic white were categorized as minority
Saperstein 2009 [35]National Survey of Family Growth 1988N = 8450
15–44
Women only
Racial category assigned by an observer (the interviewer)Receipt of pap smear last 12 months; receipt of breast exam; blood pressure checkedBlack, White, other
Mental health outcomesCampbell and Troyer 2007 [7]National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health) 1994–2002N = 436
18–28
Racial category assigned by an observer (the interviewer)Depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, fatalism, use of psychological counselingAmerican Indian, Latinx, White, Black, Asian
Veenstra 2011 [29]Survey Research Center at the University of Victoria 2009N = 1499
18+
“And what about other people who you meet, what racial back-ground do other people tend to think you are? Do they think that you’re White, Asian, South Asian, Black, Southeast Asian, or Aboriginal, or perhaps some combination of these, or maybe something else I haven’t mentioned?”Depressive feelings, self-rated mental healthAboriginal, Asian, Black, Other, South Asian, Southeast Asian, White
Cormack et al. 2013 [25]New Zealand Health Survey 2006–2007N = 12,488
15+
“How do other people usually classify you in New Zealand?”Psychological distressMāori, Pacific peoples, Asian, European/other ethnic groups
Harris et al. 2013 [30]New Zealand Health Survey 2006–2007N = 3160
15+
“How do other people usually classify you in New Zealand?”Psychological distressMāori
Pirtle and Brown 2016 [36]National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health)
Wave 1 (1994–1995) and Wave 3 (2001–2002)
N = 813
13+
Racial category assigned by an observer (the interviewer)Depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, use of psychological counselingAmerican Indian
Saperstein et al. 2016 [15]National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health)
Wave 3 (2001–2002) and Wave 4 (2007–2009)
N = 12,817
24–32
Racial category assigned by an observer (the interviewer)Depressive symptomsAsian, Black, Native American, White
Lopez et al. 2018 [31]Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (LNHIS) 2015N = 1197
18+
How do other people usually classify you in the United States?
What is your street race?
Self-rated overall mental healthLatinx
Health services utilization and engagementMacIntosh et al. 2013 [23]Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2004N = 33,679
18+
How do other people usually classify you in this country [United States]?Have a personal physicianAmerican Indian / Alaskan Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, More than one race, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Other, White
*responses other than non-Hispanic white were categorized as minority
Reid et al. 2016 [37]Hauora Manawa/Heart Study: The Community Heart Study 2008–2009N = 40
25–64
Perceived appearanceExperiences with accessing and engaging with primary health care professionalsMāori
Healthcare discriminationMacIntosh et al. 2013 [23]Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2004N = 33,679
18+
How do other people usually classify you in this country [United States]?Perceived healthcare discriminationAmerican Indian / Alaskan Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, More than one race, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Other, White
*responses other than non-Hispanic white were categorized as minority
Cormack et al. 2013 [25]New Zealand Health Survey 2006–2007N = 12,488
15+
“How do other people usually classify you in New Zealand?”Ever experience discrimination in healthMāori, Pacific peoples, Asian, European/other ethnic groups
Harris et al. 2013 [30]New Zealand Health Survey 2006–2007N = 3160
15+
“How do other people usually classify you in New Zealand?”Ever experience discrimination in healthMāori
Stepanikova and Oates 2016 [24]Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
2004–2013
N = 113,212
18+
How do other people usually classify you in this country [United States]?Perceived discrimination in health careAsian, Black, Hispanic, Native American, Other, White
  1. aThe number of entries in the table is more than the total number of articles found in the review since an article may have had more than one outcome