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Table 1 Descriptive statistics on specialist utilization among the elderly given a respective disease

From: Differences in medical specialist utilization among older people in need of long-term care – results from German health claims data

Medical specialty Disease category Annual medical specialist utilization
Sample size Mean visits Minimum Maximum Standard deviation
Internal medicine Renal failure 12,340 1.65 0 35 2.57
Respiratory disease 18,303 1.56 0 32 2.21
Heart disease 40,632 1.34 0 35 2.06
Mono- and polyneuropathy 13,426 1.34 0 31 2.16
Nutrition-related disease 17,016 1.28 0 31 2.07
Cerebrovascular disease 14,389 1.25 0 31 2.05
Coronary disease 32,416 1.21 0 32 2.00
Intestinal disease 32,557 1.21 0 35 1.99
Metabolic disorders 48,913 1.11 0 35 1.91
Diabetes mellitus 30,683 1.11 0 32 1.96
Thyroid disorders 23,589 1.11 0 35 1.92
Parkinson’s disease 4887 1.10 0 30 2.01
Arthropathy 43,937 1.06 0 35 1.87
Hypertension 69,439 1.01 0 35 1.83
Motor impairment 2533 0.83 0 14 1.57
Palsy/paresis 2734 0.73 0 28 1.68
Cardiology Heart disease 40,632 0.50 0 12 0.97
Coronary disease 32,416 0.35 0 12 0.85
Hypertension 69,439 0.31 0 12 0.78
Ophthalmology Diseases of the eye 33,333 2.06 0 12 1.57
Orthopedy Osteopathy and chondropathy 14,807 1.05 0 10 1.52
Arthropathy 43,937 0.89 0 12 1.39
Injury 13,313 0.89 0 10 1.42
Spinal disease 46,093 0.87 0 12 1.37
Motor impairment 2533 0.52 0 7 1.13
Gynecology Disorders of female genital tract 9041 2.08 0 15 1.83
Urinary tract disease 19,362 0.52 0 13 1.22
Urology Prostate disease 11,666 1.80 0 16 1.72
Urinary tract disease 19,362 1.11 0 11 1.63
Surgery Injury 13,313 0.36 0 10 0.86
Skin disease 12,848 0.26 0 10 0.74
Dermatology Skin disease 12,848 1.26 0 9 1.50
Bedsore/decubitus 6618 0.99 0 9 1.42
Otolaryngology Diseases of the ear 18,325 1.27 0 10 1.33
Nephrology Renal failure 12,340 0.53 0 31 1.58
Pneumology Respiratory disease 18,303 0.57 0 9 1.17
Psychiatry / Neurology Parkinson’s disease 4887 1.67 0 11 1.87
Delusional/personality disorders 2925 1.65 0 10 1.92
Dementia-related disease 10,807 1.22 0 10 1.72
Palsy/paresis 2734 1.21 0 9 1.75
Depression 18,477 0.99 0 11 1.60
Neurosis 13,426 0.77 0 9 1.39
Mono- and polyneuropathy 13,426 0.77 0 9 1.39
Cerebrovascular disease 14,389 0.75 0 9 1.42
Disorders due to psychoactive substance use 7162 0.58 0 9 1.31