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Table 1 Ugandan health unit levels, with population capacity of each health unit level and services offered from the Uganda Ministry of Health [26]

From: Exploring country-wide equitable government health care facility access in Uganda

Level Population Capacity Services Offered
Health Center II 5000 “Preventative, promotive, and outpatient curative services, and emergency maternal deliveries
Health Center III 20,000 All the above services. In addition, provides inpatient, maternal, and laboratory services
Health Center IV 100,000 All the above services. In addition, provides emergency surgery, blood transfusion, laboratory services. Also, supervises levels 2 and 3.
General Hospital 500,000 All the above services, but more comprehensive than HC 4. In addition, provides medicine, surgery, obstetrics, and gynecology, pediatrics, family medicine, and X-ray (plane and mobile)
Regional Referral Hospital 2,000,000 All the above services. In addition, provides specialized services (Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics, and Gynecology, Pediatrics, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Anesthesia, Pathology, Psychiatry, Dentistry, and Community Medicine. Have specialists, train nurses, have a blood bank, do basic and applied research and provide engineering services to facilities in its health zone.
National Referral Hospital 10,000,000 All the above services, but more comprehensive and advanced than regional hospital. For instance, national hospitals offer advanced diagnostic services such as MRI and CT scans; they have super-specialists, and train doctors, pharmacists, dental surgeons, and graduate nurses and carry out advanced research.”