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Table 1 Evidence-based estimation to measure the benefits of breastfeeding

From: Social value of maintaining baby-friendly hospital initiative accreditation in Australia: case study

Benefits of breastfeeding Prevalence/Incidence rate Odds ratio
Babies
 Reduce risk in diarrhea 100% 26% [37]
 Reduce risk in respiratory infection 14% [38] 18% [5]
 Reduce risk in acute otitis media 25% [39] 43% [6]
 Reduce risk of Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) 3% [40] 38% [41]
 Higher IQ 0.008% [33] 0.21% [33]
 Reduce risk in obesity 67% [42] 26% [43]
 Reduce risk in type 1 diabetes 0.012% [44] 55% [3]
 Reduce risk in type 2 diabetes 5% [45] 35% [46]
 Reduce risk in Sudden Death Infant Syndrome (SIDS) 3% [47] 40% [4]
Mothers
 Reduce risk in breast cancer 13% [48] 4% [49]
 Reduce risk in cardiovascular disease 5% [50] 9% [51]
 Ovarian Cancer 1% [52] 24% [53]
 Hypertension 12% [54] 12% [51]
 Formula cost saving Breastfeeding initiation rate in Calvary hospital, Australia = 97% Exclusive breastfeeding rate in Australia = 15.4% [55]