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Table 2 Incidence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure among the single empty-nest elderly in rural Shandong, China,2019

From: Catastrophic health expenditure among single empty-nest elderly with multimorbidity in rural Shandong, China: the effect of co-occurrence of frailty

Catastrophic health expenditure Thresholds
20% 30% 40% 50% 60%
Head count (%)
 Total 67.8 59.4 49.8 38.4 28.9
 None chronic condition 35.0 29.2 24.8 19.7 16.8
 One chronic condition 68.8 57.9 45.8 33.3 25.0
 Multimorbidity 84.4 76.3 64.2 51.5 38.7
 Multimorbidity+ frailty 92.9 87.5 84.0 64.3 44.6
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mean catastrophic payment gap (%)
 Total 25.4 19.1 13.5 9.1 5.7
 None chronic condition 13.4 10.2 7.5 5.2 3.3
 One chronic condition 23.9 17.6 12.3 8.2 5.3
 Multimorbidity 32.4 24.4 17.2 11.4 6.8
 Multimorbidity+ frailty 39.5 30.5 21.9 17.2 9.1
Mean positive gap (%)
 Total 37.4 32.1 27.2 23.6 19.6
 None chronic condition 38.2 25.1 30.2 26.4 19.9
 One chronic condition 34.8 30.4 26.9 24.7 21.3
 Multimorbidity 38.3 32.0 26.9 21.3 17.6
 Multimorbidity+ frailty 42.5 34.9 26.1 22.2 20.5