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Table 1 Chronology of events and health reforms in the Kyrgyz Republic

From: Trends in out of pocket payments and catastrophic health expenditure in the Kyrgyz Republic post “Manas Taalimi” and “Den Sooluk” health reforms, 2012–2018

Date Event
1993 Introduction of user fees
March 1994 Memorandum of Understanding between WHO Regional office for Europe and the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic to undertake the MANAS Health Care Reform Programme.
August 1994 National Health Policy approved by the government.
Nov 1996 Government approves MANAS Health Care Reform Programme. World Bank funded Health Project (1996–2000) started in Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek and Chui oblasts).
Jan 1997 Introduction of the mandatory health insurance (MHIF) system in Kyrgyzstan.
July 1997 MHIF introduces case-based payment to hospitals.
1977–1998 Rolling out of primary health care reforms to Chui, Jalal-Abad and Osh oblasts and Bishkek
June 1998 Introduction of partial fundholding in 14 Family Group Practices (FGPs) in Karakol city, Issyk-Kul oblast.
Nov 1998 – March 1999 FGPs enrolment campaign in Chui oblast and Bishkek.
Jan 1999 Introduction of capitation payment to FGPs in Bishkek.
April 1999 About 55 hospitals and 290 FGPs enter into contracts with the MHIF
Jan 2001 Government decree on Introduction of a New Health care Financing Mechanism in Health facilities of Kyrgyzstan since 2001
Feb 2002 Government decree on Provision of Health Care to Citizens of Kyrgyzstan under the State Benefits Package since 2002.
March 2002 Naryn and Talas oblasts join the single payer system
March 2003 Batken, Jalal-Abad and Osh oblasts join the single payer system.
Nov 2003 Republican facilities join the single payer system
July 2004 Law on the Single Payer System in Health Care Financing in the Kyrgyz Republic.
Feb 2006 Government approves ‘Manas Taalimi’ Health Care Reform Programme 2006–2010.
Feb 2012 National Health Reform Program “Den Sooluk” 2012–2016.
Dec 2018 The Program of the Kyrgyz Republic Government on Public Health Protection and Health Care System Development for 2019–2030 “Healthy Person - Prosperous Country”
  1. Updated from Falkingham et al. [26] and Meimanaliev et al. [25]