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Table 5 Multivariable analysis of help seeking fitted by four level covariates among married women aged 15–49 years after experienced IPV, EDHS 2016

From: Geographic variation and determinants of help seeking behaviour among married women subjected to intimate partner violence: evidence from national population survey

Help Seeking factors Option COR AOR [95% CI] P-value
Physical violence No 1.00 1.00   
Yes 2.76[1.42; 5.41] 3.22 [1.12, 9.20] 0.029*
Sexual Violence No 1.00 1.00   
Yes 1.12[0.66; 1.87] 1.36 [0.75, 2.44 0.307
Emotional violence No 1.00 1.00   
Yes 3.11[1.76; 5.36] 1.96 [0.92, 4.20] 0.082
Maternal education No education 1.00 1.00   
Primary 0.71[0.18; 0.43] 0.16 [0.03, 0.82] 0.026*
Secondary and above 2.10[0.06; 0.98] 0.21 [0.04,1.21] 0.080
Women drink alcohol No 1.00 1.00   
Yes 1.42[0.83; 2.34] 0.98 [0.43, 2.21] 0.952
Having access any means of communication Yes 1.00 1.00   
No 0.75[0.41; 1.37] 1.62 [0.61,4.26] 0.329
Age of partner 15–24 1.00 1.00   
25–35 0.1.2 [0.29; 4.67] 0.51 [0.12, 2.20] 0.367
36–50 2.7 [0.69; 10.8] 0.91 [0.21, 3.84] 0.894
50+ 3.12[0.80; 12.13] 0.75 [0.15, 3.89] 0.736
Number of children 0–2 1.00 1.00   
3 to 5 1.5[0.84; 2.5] 2.07 [0.94, 4.52] 0.069
5+ 1.7[0.84;3.30] 2.21 [0.85, 5.70] 0.103
Husband working status Employed 1.00 1.00   
unemployed 1.9[1.12; 3.11] 3.71 [1.29, 10.65] 0.015*
Partner education Secondary and above 1.00    
Primary 1.22[0.54; 2.76] 1.96 [0.50, 7.63] 0.331
No Education 1.74[0.75; 4.03] 4.09 [0.96, 17.37] 0.056
Partner’s controlling behaviour No 1.00    
Yes 2.4[1.30; 4.51] 3.24 [1.45, 7.22] 0.004*
History of woman’s father being physically violent towards her mother No 1.00    
Yes 1.3[0.81; 1.95] 1.15 [0.65, 2.05] 0.626
Partner ever drinks alcohol No 1.00    
Yes 1.92[1.12; 3.08] 2.45 [1.23, 4.86] 0.011*
Place of residence Urban 1.00    
Rural 0.34[0.20; 0.63] 1.67 [0.43, 6.49] 0.456
Region/Geography Tigray 1.00    
Afar 0.33[0.08; 1.2] 0.54 [0.06, 4.65] 0.576
Amhara 0.93[0.46; 1.90] 2.68 [0.82, 8.74] 0.101
Oromia 0.840[.38; 1.83] 1.76 [0.53, 5.87] 0.354
Somali 1.56[0.58;4.23] 4.70 [0.98, 22.57] 0.054
Benishangul-Gumuz 0.23[0.07; 0.79] 0.23 [0.02, 2.61] 0.233
SNNP 1.22[0.59; 2.52] 4.16 [1.20, 14.48] 0.025*
Gambella 0.6[0.26; 1.37] 1.71 [0.43, 6.84] 0.444
Harrari 0.44[0.15; 1.23] 1.97 [0.36, 10.88] 0.436
Addis Ababa 2.86[1.25; 6.54] 4.76 [0.84, 26.99] 0.078
Dire Dawa 0.89[0.36; 2.19] 3.02 [0.62, 14.76] 0.172
Wealth index poor 1.00    
middle 1.04[0.53; 2.0] 0.75 [0.37, 1.53] 0.430
Rich 2.8[1.41; 5.64] 4.13 [1.29, 13.20] 0.017*
Decision making Full power 1.00    
Considerable power 0.83[0.42; 1.54] 1.45 [0.51, 4.17] 0.488
No power 0.62[0.36; 1.04] 0.85 [0.34, 2.15] 0.734
Wife beating not justified 1.00    
justified 0.65[0.37; 1.12] 1.07 [0.56, 2.07] 0.836
  1. * Significant covariates at P< 0.05