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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants and households according to wealth quintiles

From: Achieving equitable uptake of handwashing and sanitation by addressing both supply and demand-based constraints: findings from a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

Characteristics n (%) or mean ± SD
Lowest quintile (Q1) 2nd quintile (Q2) 3rdquintile (Q3) 4thquintile (Q4) Highest quintile (Q5)
N = 844 N = 820 N = 831 N = 836 N = 824
Maternal age 23.8 ± 5.3 24.5 ± 5.3 24.3 ± 5.4 23.5 ± 5.4 22.8 ± 4.8
Maternal education
 No education 267 (32) 206 (25) 93 (11) 52 (6.2) 20 (2.4)
 Up-to primary 374 (44) 318 (39) 314 (38) 229 (27) 92 (11)
 Above primary 203 (24) 296 (36) 424 (51) 555 (66) 712 (86)
Paternal education
 No education 486 (58) 354 (43) 252 (30) 129 (15) 39 (4.7)
 Up to Primary 264 (31) 285 (35) 293 (35) 281 (34) 130 (16)
 Above primary 92 (11) 179 (22) 283 (34) 424 (51) 654 (79)
Monthly household income (US$) 73 ± 1.1 88 ± 1.5 108 ± 1.9 147 ± 3.1 252 ± 5.0
People/Household 3.5 ± 0.04 4.0 ± 0.05 4.4 ± 0.06 5.1 ± 0.07 6.5 ± 0.09
Children< 3 years /household 0.22 ± 0.014 0.20 ± 0.014 0.18 ± 0.014 0.21 ± 0.015 0.29 ± 0.014
Children< 3 years /compound 0.82 ± 0.03 0.74 ± 0.03 0.64 ± 0.03 0.59 ± 0.03 0.55 ± 0.03
Own home 803 (95) 803 (98) 822 (99) 831 (99) 821 (100)
Own latrine 757 (90) 774 (94) 803 (97) 818 (98) 821 (100)
Had a child potty 13 (1.5) 10 (1.2) 18 (2.2) 51 (6.1) 89 (11)
Hectares of owned agricultural land (mean ± SD) 0.13 ± 0.014 0.17 ± 0.011 0.22 ± 0.010 0.38 ± 0.017 0.80 ± 0.039
Household have own n (%)
 Electricity 151 (18) 369 (45) 521 (63) 643 (77) 751 (91)
 Refrigerator 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 18 (2.2) 311 (38)
 Mobile phone 476 (56) 673 (82) 778 (94) 808 (97) 819 (99)
 Television 5 (0.6) 51 (6.2) 201 (24) 362 (43) 622 (75)
 Motorcycle 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (0.6) 42 (5.0) 220 (26.7)