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Table 1 Gender as a power relation and driver of inequality

From: Applying a gender lens to understand pathways through care for acutely ill young children in Kenyan urban informal settlements

What constitutes gendered power relations

Who has what?

Access to resources (education, information, skills, income, employment, services, benefits, time, space, social capital etc.)

Who does what?

Division of labour within and beyond the household and everyday practices

How are values defined?

Social norms, ideologies, beliefs and perceptions

Who decides?

Rules and decision-making (both formal and informal)

How power is negotiated and changed


Critical consciousness, acknowledgement/lack of acknowledgment, agency/apathy, interests, historical and lived experiences, resistance or violence


Legal and policy status, institutionalisation within planning and programs, funding, accountability mechanisms