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Table 1 Differences between Māori and non-Māori populations in major public health and demographic criteria

From: Infant mortality inequities for Māori in New Zealand: a tale of three policies

Health and demographic criteria Māori Non-Māori Difference
Life expectancy (years), 2012–2014 73.0 (male)
77.1 (female)
80.3 (male)
83.9 (female)
7.3 (male)
6.8 (female)
Amenable mortalityFootnote

Amenable mortality is an important measure for inequity among populations, and is defined in the Wai 2575 Māori Health Trends Report as deaths below the age of 75 which could have potentially been avoided with “effective and timely healthcare” [10].

(rate ratios Māori: Non-Māori), 2015
~  2 (male)
2.39 (female)
~  1 (male)
1.00 (female)
2: 1
2.39: 1
Infant mortality (deaths per 1000 live births per year), 2012–2014 5.8 4.6 1.2
Total fertility rate (live births per 1000 women of reproductive age per year), 2014 2.34 1.92 (total NZ population) 0.42
Percent aged < 15 years, 2013 33.7% 18.0% 15.7%
Percent school completion (level 2 +, 15+ years), 2013 45.1% 64.3% 19.2%
Percent unemployed (15+ years), 2013 10.4% 4.0% 6.4%
Percent total personal income
< $10,000 (15+ years), 2013
24.1% 18.4% 5.7%
Percent receiving income support
(15+ years), 2013
30.4% 13.8% 16.6%
Percent household crowding, 2013 18.6% 7.7% 10.9%
  1. Values derived from the New Zealand Ministry of Health and Stats NZ, which had the most recent publicly available data as of 2019 [9,10,11]Footnote

    According to Stats NZ, Pacific Islander life expectancies were similar to Māori rates. Male life expectancy was 78.7 years for females and 74.5 years for males in 2012-2014 [11].