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Table 3 Bivariate (model 1.) and multivariate (model 2.) analysis examining risk factors associated with uterine fibroids among sociodemographic and clinical variables at MUH age greater or equal to 20 years old (n = 193)

From: Assessing burden, risk factors, and perceived impact of uterine fibroids on women’s lives in rural Haiti: implications for advancing a health equity agenda, a mixed methods study

Model 1. Bivariate analysis    
Sociodemographic characteristics Odd ratio 95% CI P-value
Age category
 20–34   
  > 35–49 2.6 (1.33–5.03) 0.005
 50+ 1.2 (0.53–2.90) 0.611
Zone of residence
 Central plateau   
 Out of central plateau 2.3 (1.22–4.17) 0.01
Number of pregnancies
 No pregnancy   
 1–3 pregnancies 0.6 (0.29–1.32) 0.216
  > 3 pregnancies 0.9 (0.34–2.41) 0.848
Number of births (101)
 No childbirth   
 1–3 childbirths 0.6 (0.30–1.14) 0.115
  > 3 childbirths 1.1 (0.35–3.64) 0.844
Menopause
 No   
 Yes 1.3 (0.57–2.88) 0.551
Patient status
 New patient   
 Follow up 3.2 (1.14–8.84) 0.026
If follow-up patient
  < 6 months   
 6–12 moths 1.4 (0.25–7.89) 0.699
  ≥ 12 months 0.4 (0.11–1.63) 0.208
Type of residence
 Rural   
 Urban 1.5 (0.75–2.83) 0.267
Average time per medical appointment
  ≤ 2 h   
  > 2 h 1.6 (0.69–3.50) 0.287
Excessive expense for transport
 No   
 Yes 3.8 (1.65–8.74) 0.002
Means of transport
 Walk   
 Public transport 3.1 (1.34–7.28) 0.008
 Private transport 1.4 (0.29–6.27) 0.694
Health insurance
 No   
 Yes 0.5 (0.24–1.12) 0.098
Education level
 Primary   
 Higher education 0.4 (0.18–0.957) 0.039
Main profession
 Other (no specific profession)  
 Small business 1.4 (0.67–2.79) 0.384
 Educator 1.8 (0.64–5.24) 0.256
 Farmer 5.1 (1.04–25.29) 0.044
 Nurse 0.8 (0.31–2.02) 0.631
Employment
 No   
 Yes 1.1 (0.61–1.99) 0.744
Monthly Income
 15 USD- ≤206USD (≤10 USD/day)   
  > 206USD (> 10 USD/day) 1.9 (0.60–6.42) 0.262
Income decline (decline observed in the income after the diagnosis of uterine fibroids)
 No   
 Yes 3.0 (1.64–5.54) < 0.001
Degree of income decline
 Low   
 Moderate 1.1 (0.09–11.56) 0.968
 High 0.6 (0.06–5.33) 0.610
Expenses category
 Medical   
 Non-medical 0.7 (0.35–1.60) 0.455
Clinical and psychosocial characteristics
 Family conflicts    
  No   
  Yes 2.6 (1.12–6.16) 0.026
 Family history with fibroids    
  No   
  Yes 5.1 (2.11–12.33) < 0.001
 Pelvic infection    
  No   
  Yes 0.6 (0.30–1.24) 0.170
 Ovarian micro polycystic    
  No   
  Yes 0.2 (0.12–0.41) < 0.001
 Constipation    
  No   
  Yes 1.6 (0.80–3.05) 0.191
 Pelvic mass    
  No   
  Yes 2.0 (1.10–3.67) 0.024
 Abdominal-pelvic mass    
  No   
  Yes 1.6 (0.46–5.25) 0.475
 Mictional difficulty    
  No   
  Yes 1.7 (0.92–3.16) 0.091
 Pelvic pressure    
  No   
  Yes 1.5 (0.77–3.02) 0.225
 Acute pelvic    
  No   
  Yes 1.75 (0.97–3.17) 0.062
 Chronic pelvic pain    
  No   
  Yes 1.3 (0.65–2.48) 0.476
 Polymenorrhagia    
  No   
  Yes 1.6 (0.89–3.04) 0.111
 Menorrhagia    
  No   
  Yes 1.6 (0.89–3.04) 0.111
 Metrorrhagia    
  No   
  Yes 1.6 (0.89–3.01) 0.111
 Dysmenorrhea    
  No   
  Yes 1.6 (0.89–2.89) 0.113
 Infertility    
  No   
  Yes 1.5 (0.80–2.89) 0.198
 Stress    
  No   
  Yes 1.4 (0.68–2.75) 0.376
 Anemia    
  No   
  Yes 0.9 (0.52–1.64) 0.789
 Deep vein thrombosis    
  No   
  Yes 14.1 (1.84–108.02) 0.011
 Urinary stone    
  No   
  Yes 1.0 (0.45–2.30) 0.972
 Hydronephrosis    
  No   
  Yes 4.1 (0.49–35.13) 0.192
 Depression    
  No   
  low (score 13–17) 1.6 (0.60–4.06) 0.350
  Moderate (score 18–24)   (0.62–42.73) 0.130
Model 2. Multivariate analysis    
Characteristics Adjusted OR 95% CI P-value
 Age category    
   < 35   
  35–49 1.7 (0.76–4.02) 0.189
  50–77 0.4 (0.11–1.50) 0.174
 Patient status    
  Initial Visit   
  Follow -up visit 2.8 (0.79–9.95) 0.110
 Excessive expense for transport    
  No   
  Yes 4.4 (1.55–12.38) 0.005
 Heath Insurance    
  No   
  Yes 1.2 (0.44–3.30) 0.709
 Education level    
  Primary   
  Higher education 0.3 (0.09–0.87) 0.021
 Income decline(decline observed in the income after the diagnosis of uterine fibroids)    
  No   
  Yes 4.7 (2.05–10.93) < 0.001
 Number of births    
  No childbirth   
  1–3 childbirths 0.6 (0.26–1.30) 0.188
  4+ childbirths 0.9 (0.19–3.99) 0.866
 Family conflicts    
  No   
  Yes 3.1 (0.54–17.9) 0.206
 Family history of fibroids    
  No   
  Yes 4.6 (1.58–13.56) 0.005
 Pelvic infection    
  No   
  Yes 0.4 (0.09–1.80) 0.233
 Micro polycystic ovary    
  No   
  Yes 0.3 (0.10–0.97) 0.044
 Pelvic Mass    
  No   
  Yes 2.2 (0.72–6.85) 0.164
 Frequent menstruation    
  No   
  Yes 0.4 (0.14–1.16) 0.094
 Deep Vein thrombosis    
  No   
  Yes 3.0 (0.29–31.89) 0.352
 Depression    
  No   
  Low 5.7 (0.56–59.18) 0.142
  Moderate 2.4 (0.17–36.03) 0.513