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Table 1 Definition of variables and descriptive statistics of the sample

From: Income-related inequalities in unmet dental care needs in Spain: traces left by the Great Recession

   Mean 2007
(Std. Dev.)
Mean 2012
(Std. Dev.)
Mean 2017
(Std. Dev.)
Variables Definition Men
(n = 12,935)
Women
(n = 13,837)
Men
(n = 12,818)
Women
(n = 13,493)
Men
(n = 13,821)
Women
(n = 15,111)
Unmet need 1 if at least once in the latest year dental care was not received when needed; 0 otherwise 6.9% 6.1% 8.8% 9.4% 4.1% 4.7%
age16–34 1 if aged from 16 to 34; 0 otherwise (reference category) 35.9% 33.6% 30.5% 29.0% 25.2% 23.5%
age35–64 1 if aged from 35 to 64; 0 otherwise 49.7% 48.6% 53.2% 51.9% 54.8% 52.1%
age65+ 1 if aged 65 or over; 0 otherwise 14.4% 17.9% 16.3% 19.1% 20.0% 24.4%
Spanish 1 if Spanish nationality; 0 otherwise 91.2% 90.4% 89.3% 89.3% 92.1% 91.9%
single 1 if single; 0 otherwise (reference category) 38.1% 30.3% 36.9% 28.8% 36.2% 27.6%
married 1 if married or living in couple; 0 otherwise 55.9% 54.4% 56.8% 54.6% 55.7% 52.6%
separated 1 if separated or divorced; 0 otherwise 3.5% 4.9% 3.7% 6.0% 4.7% 7.0%
widowed 1 if widowed; 0 otherwise 2.6% 10.4% 2.6% 10.6% 3.4% 12.8%
chronic 1 if any chronic condition is reported; 0 otherwise 22.3% 24.1% 22.8% 25.5% 26.4% 30.7%
dentxinhab Number of dentists per 100.000 inhabitants 53.764
(13.273)
54.043
(13.337)
66.752
(18.489)
67.309
(18.779)
78.276
(20.319)
78.784
(20.581)
primary_educ 1 if primary education or less; 0 otherwise (reference category) 27.9% 31.6% 23.1% 26.3% 21.0% 25.6%
lowsec_educ 1 if lower secondary education; 0 otherwise 25.1% 21.9% 27.9% 23.6% 27.4% 23.5%
uppersec_educ 1 if upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education; 0 otherwise 22.3% 22.8% 22.9% 22.7% 23.6% 21.4%
tertiary_educ 1 if tertiary education; 0 otherwise 24.7% 23.7% 26.1% 27.4% 28.0% 29.5%
working 1 if working; 0 otherwise (reference category) 65.8% 45.4% 51.9% 40.4% 54.5% 42.8%
unemployed 1 if unemployed; 0 otherwise 5.9% 6.7% 17.6% 15.2% 11.4% 11.6%
inactive 1 if inactive; 0 otherwise 28.3% 47.9% 30.5% 44.4% 34.1% 45.6%
Ln_eqincome Log of the equivalent household income (euros 2017) 9.498
(0.641)
9.448
(0.666)
9.531
(0.719)
9.515
(0.723)
9.495
(0.728)
9.463
(0.748)