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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participantsa

From: A cross sectional study of unmet need for health services amongst urban refugees and asylum seekers in Thailand in comparison with Thai population, 2019

Variable Thai (n = 2941) URASb (n = 181) P-value Test
Sex—n (%)    0.975 Chi-square
 Female 1550 (52.7) 95 (52.5)   
 Male 1391 (47.3) 86 (47.5)   
Education—n (%)    < 0.001 Chi-square
 Up to primary 981 (34.6) 115 (63.5)   
 Up to secondary 1091 (38.5) 46 (25.4)   
 Degree or above 765 (26.9) 20 (11.1)   
Median age—years (IQR)c 42.0 (31.0) 23.1 (27.3) < 0.001 Mann-Whitney U
Age group—n (%)    < 0.001 Chi-square
    ≤15 years 349 (11.9) 68 (37.6)   
    >15 but ≤ 60 years 2033 (69.1) 102 (56.3)   
    >60 years 599 (19.0) 11 (6.1)   
Median household income—Baht (IQR) 30,000 (30,000) 6000 (4500) < 0.001 Mann-Whitney U
Household economy    < 0.001 Fisher’s exact
 Above average 271 (23.9) 2 (1.3)   
 Below average 861 (76.1) 151 (98.7)   
Insurance status    < 0.001 Fisher’s exact
 Uninsured 6 (0.2) 177 (97.8)   
 Insured 2935 (99.8) 4 (2.2)   
  1. Note: aMissing data were not included in the table; bUrban refugee and asylum seekers; cInterquartile range