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Table 2 Study 1: Ethno-cultural differences in informal caregiving (N = 662)

From: Patterns of informal family care during acute hospitalization of older adults from different ethno-cultural groups in Israel

  “Jews” (N = 420) “Arabs” (N = 40) “FSU immigrants” (N = 202)
M (SD)e M (SD)e M (SD)e
Day visit (hours) 5.2 (0.2)a 5.8 (0.6) b 3.6 (0.3)a,b
Instrumental support (1–5) 1.7 (0.1) 1.7 (0.2) 1.7 (0.1)
Supervision instrumental support (1–5) 1.2 (0.03) 1.2 (0.1) 1.2 (0.1)
Ensuring/supervision medical care (1–5) 3.3 (0.7) 2.8 (0.3) 3.2 (0.1)
Psychological support (1–5) 4.0 (0.1) c 3.7 (0.2) d 4.2 (0.1)c,d
  1. ap < 0.001
  2. bp < 0.01
  3. cp < 0.01
  4. dp < 0.05
  5. eAdjusted for covariates: age, gender, family status, number of children; cognitive, functional, psychological (anxiety and depression), and economic status; length of stay; severity of illness and comorbidity