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Table 3 Description of main characteristics of the 22 analysed interventions aimed at reduce gender bias in clinical practice

From: Gender disparities in clinical practice: are there any solutions? Scoping review of interventions to overcome or reduce gender bias in clinical practice

  N (%) References
Health issue
 Cardiovascular health 13 (59) [24, 25, 29, 31, 33,34,35, 37,38,39,40, 42, 43]
 Sexual and reproductive health 5 (23) [26,27,28, 30, 32]
 Gender based violence 1 (5) [36]
 Unhealthy drinking 1 (5) [45]
 Diabetes 1 (5) [44]
 Renal failure 1 (5) [41]
Type of intervention
 Clinical decision support decision support guidelines and standardized protocols 15 (68) [24, 25, 29, 31, 33,34,35, 37, 38, 40,41,42,43,44,45]
 Interventions that included staff, clinic, and community interventions 3 (14) [27, 28, 30]
 Interventions managed by an all women team for female patients 1 (5) [39]
 Gender sensitive improvements in data collection 2 (9) [26, 32]
 Routine screening for gender violence 1 (5) [36]
Type of evaluation
 Evaluation without comparison group, routine data. 7 (32) [24, 25, 29, 38, 40, 41, 43]
 Evaluation with pre and post comparison and routine data 6 (27) [31, 33,34,35, 37, 42]
 Evaluation with randomised control and non-routine quantitative data 2 (9) [39, 44]
 Evaluation with a non-randomised group, non-routine mixed data 2 (9) [28, 32]
 Evaluation without comparison group and non-routine mixed data 2 (9) [26, 36]
 Evaluation without comparison group and non-routine qualitative data 1 (5) [30]
 Evaluation with pre and post comparison group, and non-routine quantitative data 1 (5) [45]
 Evaluation with pre and post comparison and non-routine qualitative data 1 (5) [27]
Clinical setting
 Hospital 14 (64) [24, 25, 29, 31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38, 40, 42, 43]
 Specialized care 4 (18) [28, 39, 41, 45]
 Primary health care 2 (9) [27, 44]
 Others 2 (9) [26, 30]
Results
 Successful or partially successful 19 (86) [24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32, 34,35,36,37,38,39, 41,42,43,44]
 Not successful 3 (14) [33, 40, 45]