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Table 2 Average annual percentage rate of change for adolescent first birth < 16, 16/17, 18/19 and < 20 years for 22 countries for women aged 20–24 years at time of survey based on DHS surveys: short and medium term

From: Trends in adolescent first births in sub-Saharan Africa: a tale of increasing inequity?

  medium term period in years short term period in years < 16 short 16/17 short 18/19 short < 20 short < 16 medium 16/17 medium 18/19 medium < 20 medium
Benin 15 5 2.5 −1.4 −3.3 − 1.6 4.5 −1.6 −2.1 − 1.1
Burkina Faso 17 7 −0.2 0.9 − 0.6 − 0.1 − 1.5 − 0.3 − 0.3 − 0.5
Cameroon 20 7 −2.2 − 0.8 − 1.7 − 1.5 − 2.2 − 1.4 − 0.3 − 1.3
Chad 18 10 1.9 − 0.8 − 1.4 − 0.1 2.0 − 0.4 − 1.4 − 0.1
Cote d’Ivoire 17 13 − 0.8 − 0.9 − 0.6 − 0.7 − 2.0 − 1.5 − 0.2 − 1.2
Ghana 21 11 3.1 0.6 − 2.3 − 0.8 − 1.0 − 1.6 − 1.8 − 1.7
Guinea 13 7 0.5 −2.7 − 1.4 − 1.4 − 1.1 − 1.2 0.3 − 0.8
Mali 17 6 2.1 − 1.6 − 0.9 − 0.3 2.3 −1.2 − 0.4 − 0.1
Niger 14 6 −0.4 −1.3 3.4 0.4 1.0 −0.3 0.6 0.4
Nigeria 23 5 −1.3 2.9 3.3 1.8 −1.6 0.3 −0.2 −0.6
Senegal 20 7 −5.4 −2.1 0.3 −1.9 −2.0 − 1.7 −0.3 −1.2
Average W / M Africa 17.7 7.6 0.0 −0.8 − 0.6 − 0.5 −0.5 − 0.9 −0.7 − 0.7
Ethiopia 16 11 −3.2 −1.7 −0.2 −1.5 0.1 −1.1 −0.7 −0.7
Kenya 21 11 3.4 −0.8 −1.2 −0.5 − 0.8 −0.8 − 0.9 −0.8
Madagascar 11 5 8.4 0.5 −1.4 1.1 0.3 1.7 −1.3 0.0
Malawi 23 11 −1.8 −0.5 0.3 −0.4 −2.0 0.1 0.7 −0.2
Mozambique 14 10 2.2 −0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 −0.4 1.2 0.3
Namibia 21 7 −4.5 −0.7 1.3 −0.2 −1.3 − 0.6 −0.8 − 0.8
Rwanda 22 9 −2.2 −2.5 −0.2 −0.9 − 2.3 −1.0 −0.5 − 0.8
Tanzania 19 11 −1.4 −2.3 0.0 −1.1 −1.0 −0.5 0.1 −0.3
Uganda 21 10 −2.9 −1.4 −0.4 −1.3 − 1.7 −1.1 − 0.3 −0.9
Zambia 17 6 −3.8 −0.6 0.4 −0.7 −1.3 −0.6 0.0 −0.4
Zimbabwe 21 10 −0.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 −1.9 0.4 1.0 0.4
Average E / S Africa 18.7 9.2 −0.5 −0.9 −0.1 − 0.5 −1.1 −0.4 0.0 −0.3