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Table 1 Estimates of the percentage of first births at ages < 16, 16/17, 18/19 and < 20 years for 22 sub-Saharan African countries for three consecutive DHS surveys (based on women aged 20–24 years at time of survey)

From: Trends in adolescent first births in sub-Saharan Africa: a tale of increasing inequity?

Country Baseline Survey Middle Survey Final Survey (Most Recent)
   < 16 16/17 18/19 < 20   < 16 16/17 18/19 < 20   < 16 16/17 18/19 < 20
Benin 1996 5.9 17.5 26.5 49.9 2006 8.8 14.4 21.9 45.1 2011 9.9 13.4 18.3 41.6
Burkina Faso 1993 9.2 22.3 30.9 62.4 2003 7.0 20.1 30.4 57.6 2010 6.9 21.3 29.1 57.3
Cameroon 1991 21.2 25.1 20.6 66.8 2004 14.2 18.9 22.1 55.2 2011 12.0 17.9 19.5 49.4
Chad 1996 19.7 25.7 25.6 71.0 2004 22.4 25.9 22.5 70.9 2014 26.7 23.9 19.3 69.9
Cote d’Ivoire 1994 18.2 25.5 19.6 63.2 1998 13.3 21.7 20.7 55.6 2011 12.0 19.1 19.1 50.2
Ghana 1993 6.5 18.0 24.0 48.5 2003 3.8 11.1 19.6 34.6 2014 5.1 11.8 14.7 31.6
Guinea 1999 22.9 24.3 18.9 66.2 2005 18.9 25.2 21.8 66.0 2012 19.6 20.5 19.6 59.6
Mali 1995 16.0 30.0 23.8 69.8 2006 19.8 26.5 23.2 69.4 2012 22.3 23.9 22.0 68.2
Niger 1998 19.1 27.4 23.7 70.2 2006 22.4 28.5 21.3 72.2 2012 21.9 26.3 25.6 73.9
Nigeria 1990 18.7 16.2 18.6 53.6 2008 12.5 15.2 15.2 42.9 2013 11.7 17.4 17.7 46.7
Senegal 1997 9.7 16.1 17.2 43.1 2010 9.3 12.3 15.9 37.4 2017 5.8 10.5 16.2 32.5
Average W/M Africa   15.2 22.6 22.7 60.4   13.9 20.0 21.3 55.2   14.0 18.7 20.1 52.8
Ethiopia 2000 7.3 16.9 19.4 43.6 2005 11.4 17 17.7 46.1 2016 7.4 13.8 17.3 38.4
Kenya 1993 9.2 18.7 24.3 52.1 2003 5.6 17.1 22.7 45.4 2014 7.7 15.6 19.7 43.0
Madagascar 1997 13.5 18.6 24.4 56.6 2003 9.8 21.5 22.5 53.8 2008 13.9 22.0 20.9 56.8
Malawi 1992 16.4 21.1 25.8 63.3 2004 10.9 23.2 29.0 63.2 2015 8.8 21.8 29.8 60.5
Mozambique 1997 17.0 26.2 22.2 65.3 2001 14.3 25.8 25.4 65.5 2011 17.4 24.7 25.9 68.0
Namibia 1992 4.6 13.2 23.8 41.6 2006 4.8 12.2 18.2 35.1 2013 3.3 11.6 19.8 34.6
Rwanda 1992 1.6 6.7 16.3 24.6 2005 1.0 6.7 14.6 22.3 2014 0.8 5.2 14.4 20.5
Tanzania 1996 7.1 18.3 27.0 52.4 2004 6.7 22.4 27.4 56.5 2015 5.7 16.7 27.4 49.8
Uganda 1995 14.3 24.8 27.3 66.4 2006 12.8 22.4 27.0 62.3 2016 9.1 19.2 25.8 54.1
Zambia 1996 9.2 26.0 28.1 63.3 2007 9.2 24.4 27.7 61.3 2013 7.1 23.5 28.3 58.9
Zimbabwe 1994 7.1 16.2 23.7 46.9 2005 4.5 16.2 26.1 46.9 2015 4.3 17.7 28.5 50.5
Average S/ E Africa   9.8 18.8 23.8 52.4   8.3 19.0 23.5 50.8   7.8 17.4 23.4 48.6