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Table 4 Relationship of place of birth to different types of physician consultation in the 4 weeks before the interview. Percentage ratio (PR) y 95% confidence interval (95% CI)

From: Erosion of universal health coverage and trend in the frequency of physician consultations in Spain

  2009 2014
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
PRa 95% CI PRa 95% CI PRa 95% CI PRa 95% CI
Any consultation
 Native 1.00   1.00   1.00 1.00  
 Immigrant 0.90 0.85–0.96 0.95 0.79–1.15 1.00 0.94–1.06 0.96 0.91–1.02
Consultation with family physician
 Native 1.00   1.00   1.00 1.00  
 Immigrant 0.94 0.87–1.00 0.99 0.92–1.06 1.07 1.00–1.14 1.02 0.96–1.09
Consultation with public specialist physician
 Native 1.00   1.00   1.00 1.00  
 Immigrant 1.02 0.90–1.16 1.06 0.94–1.21 0.97 0.86–1.09 0.92 0.82–1.04
Consultation with private specialist
 Native 1.00   1.00   1.00 1.00  
 Immigrant 0.35 0.25–0.49 0.38 0.27–0.53 0.43 0.30–0.60 0.51 0.36–0.71
  1. aThe percentage ratio has been estimated with several regression models for each of the dependent variables that appear in the table: any consultations, consultation with family physician, consultation with public specialist physician, and consultation with private specialist. In the model 1 the adjustment variables were sex and age. In the model 2 the adjustment variables were sex, educational level, household income, household size, self-perception health and any long-term health problem